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 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.53 - 02 Feb 2003 - PeterThoeny?)
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Installation instructions for the TWiki 01-Dec-2001 production release. Update notes for the new RCS configuration are marked Dataframework.

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Installation instructions for the TWiki 01-Feb-2003 production release. Update notes for the new RCS configuration are marked Dataframework.

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Request and download the TWiki 01-Dec-2001 distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html. Please review the AdminSkillsAssumptions before you install TWiki.

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Request and download the TWiki 01-Feb-2003 distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html. Please review the AdminSkillsAssumptions before you install TWiki.


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.52 - 01 Feb 2003 - PeterThoeny?)
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Adding a New Web

To create a new web:

  1. Create a new web data directory under twiki/data and check the file permission of the directory.
    • Use a name consisting of characters A..Z , a..z but not in WikiNotation. (The name should start with one (or more) uppercase letters, but have no uppercase letters after the first group -- if it starts with a lowercase letter or is a WikiWord, some features of TWiki will not work as expected.)
  2. Copy all files from the twiki/data/_default directory to the new data directory, preserving the original files' owner, group and permissions (on Unix, use cp -p). The data files must be writable by the owner the CGI scripts are running on (usually, nobody).
    • TIP HINT: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- (666) and then edit the topic using your browser; RCS will restore the file permissions correctly when saving the topic.
  3. Add the new web to the web list (visible in the upper right corner of each topic) by editing the site-level preferences, TWikiPreferences:
    • Add the new web to the %WIKIWEBLIST% variable.
  4. Update the web settings by editing the WebPreferences topic of the new web:
    • Customize the %WEBTOPICLIST% variable to contain the web-specific links you prefer.
    • Set the WEBBGCOLOR variable to a color. The number represents the unique color for the web.
    • Set Plugins, access privileges, custom variables, other web-level options (ex: %WEBCOPYRIGHT% can be set for an individual web).
  5. Test the new web: view pages, create a new page.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.51 - 16 Jan 2003 - PeterThoeny?)
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These installation steps are based on the Apache web server on Linux. TWiki runs on other web servers and Unix systems, and should be fine with any web server and OS that meet the system requirements?. Documentation for other platforms is somewhat limited:

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These installation steps are based on the Apache web server on Linux. TWiki runs on other web servers and Unix systems, and should be fine with any web server and OS that meet the system requirements. Documentation for other platforms is somewhat limited:


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.50 - 12 Jan 2003 - PeterThoeny?)
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Request and download the TWiki 01-Dec-2001 distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html. (To install TWiki on SourceForge, for use on a software development project, read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo .)

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Request and download the TWiki 01-Dec-2001 distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html. Please review the AdminSkillsAssumptions before you install TWiki.


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.49 - 29 Dec 2002 - PeterThoeny?)
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These installation steps are based on the Apache Web server on Linux. TWiki runs on other Web servers and Unix systems, and should be fine with any OS and server that meet the system requirements?. Documentation for other platforms is currently limited. For Windows, check TWiki:Codev/TWikiOnWindows. Search the TWiki:Codev web for other intallation notes.

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These installation steps are based on the Apache web server on Linux. TWiki runs on other web servers and Unix systems, and should be fine with any web server and OS that meet the system requirements?. Documentation for other platforms is somewhat limited:

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ALERT! NOTE: If you don't have access to your Web server configuration files - for example, if you're installing on an ISP-hosted account - use the alternative Step 1 instead.

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ALERT! NOTE: If you don't have access to your Web server configuration files - for example, if you're installing on an ISP-hosted account, or you don't have administrator privileges on your intranet server - use the alternative Step 1 instead.

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To install TWiki on a system where you don't have server administrator privileges, for example, on a hosted Web account:

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To install TWiki on a system where you don't have Unix/Linux root (administrator) privileges, for example, on a hosted Web account or an intranet server administered by someone else:

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If you are not able to create the twiki/lib directory at the same level as the twiki/bin directory (e.g. because CGI bin directories can't be under your home directory and you don't have root access), you can create this directory elsewhere and edit the setlib.cfg file in the bin directory:

    # -------------- Change these settings if required

    $twikiLibPath = '/some/other/path/lib';   # Path to lib directory containing TWiki.pm

You can also edit $localPerlLibPath in the setlib.cfg file if you are not root and need to install additional CPAN modules, but can't update the main Perl installation files on the server. Just set this variable to the full pathname to your local lib directory, typically under your home directory.

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perl -pi -e 's/nobody:/www-data:/' /,v

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perl -pi~ -e 's/nobody:/www-data:/' /,v

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    • RCS - revision control system to store revsion of topics and attachments. You can use RCS executables or a version of RCS written in Perl, note that as the time of writing (Apr 2002) the Perl version has not been widely tested, so if you want to put up a live site the RCS executables are recommended. (Dateframework - prior version of TWiki only support the RCS executables and do not have the config setting $storeTopicImpl)
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    • RCS - revision control system to store revision of topics and attachments. You can use RCS executables or a version of RCS written in Perl, note that as the time of writing (Apr 2002) the Perl version has not been widely tested, so if you want to put up a live site the RCS executables are recommended.
      • Set $storeTopicImpl = "RcsWrap"; for the RCS executables and make sure RCS is installed. Set $rcsDir in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg to match the location of your RCS binaries. You can check this by issuing the command rcs at the prompt, it should result in something like "rcs: no input file".
        • Check that you have GNU diff, by typing diff -v - an error indicates you have a non-GNU diff, so install the GNU diffutils package and make sure that diff is on the PATH used by TWiki (see $safeEnvPath in the TWiki.cfg file).
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      • Set $storeTopicImpl = "RcsWrap"; for the RCS execuatbles and make sure RCS is installed. Set $rcsDir in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg to mach the location of your RCS binaries. You can check this by issuing the comand rcs at the prompt, it should result in something like "rcs: no input file".
  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directories to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg accordingly)
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  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all their subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible through URLs. (Alternatively, move the directories to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg accordingly)
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Step 4: Finish Up from Your Browser

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Step 4: Configure Site-Wide Email Preferences

  • From your web browser, edit the TWikiPreferences topic in the TWiki:TWiki web to set the WIKIWEBMASTER email address, and other email settings required for registration and WebChangesAlert to work:
    • WIKIWEBMASTER should be set to the email address of the TWiki administrator
    • SMTPMAILHOST is typically set on Windows or other non-Unix/Linux systems, where sendmail or similar is not available. When this is set and the Perl module Net::SMTP is installed, TWiki will connect to this SMTP server (e.g. mail.yourdomain.com) to send email for user registration and WebChangesAlerts. If you do have a sendmail-type program, leave SMTPMAILHOST unset so that the external sendmail program is used instead (defined by $mailProgram in TWiki.cfg).
    • SMTPSENDERHOST is optional, and set to the domain name sending the email (e.g. twiki.yourdomain.com). For use where the SMTP server requires that you identify the TWiki server sending mail. If not set, Net::SMTP will guess it for you.
  • You may want to set up other TWikiPreferences later on.

Step 5: Finish Up from Your Browser

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      • TIP HINT: You can customize the registration form by deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This ensures that the fields are processed correctly.
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  • Customization:
    • You can customize the registration form by deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This ensures that the fields are carried over into the user home page correctly.
    • You can customize the default user home page in NewUserTemplate.
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See Appendix A: TWiki File System for an installed system snapshot and descriptions of all files in the TWiki 01-Dec-2001 distribution.

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See Appendix A: TWiki File System for an installed system snapshot and descriptions of all files in the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 distribution.

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-- PeterThoeny - 13 Sep 2001

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-- PeterThoeny - 28 Dec 2002


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.48 - 21 Sep 2002 - PeterThoeny?)
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  • Create directory /home/httpd/twiki and unzip the TWiki distribution into this directory.
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  • Create directory /home/httpd/twiki and unzip the TWiki distribution into this directory.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.47 - 02 Aug 2002 - PeterThoeny?)
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  • HELP The twiki/data/*/*.txt,v RCS repository files in the installation package are locked by user nobody. If your CGI scripts are not running as user nobody, it's not possible to check in files (you'll see that the revision number won't increase after saving a topic). In this case, you need to unlock all repository files (check the RCS man pages) and lock them with a different user, ex www-data, or delete them all - new files will be automatically created the first time each topic is edited. A simple way to change ownership is with a search-and-replace in all files; for example, using sed:
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  • HELP The twiki/data/*/*.txt,v RCS repository files in the installation package are locked by user nobody. If your CGI scripts are not running as user nobody, it's not possible to check in files (you'll see that the revision number won't increase after saving a topic). In this case, you need to unlock all repository files (check the RCS man pages) and lock them with a different user, ex www-data, or delete them all - new files will be automatically created the first time each topic is edited. A simple way to change ownership is with a search-and-replace in all files; for example, using perl:
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for f in /,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv -f x $f; done

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perl -pi -e 's/nobody:/www-data:/' /,v

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Note that this is not required if you use the Perl based RCS implementation - see Dataframework.


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.46 - 07 Jul 2002 - PeterThoeny?)
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    1. Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. Do that by either editing the topics in theTWiki web, or by renaming the .txt and .txt,v files in the twiki/data/TWiki directory.
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    1. Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration, overwriting old version of TWikiRegistration. Do that by either editing the topics in theTWiki web, or by renaming the .txt and .txt,v files in the twiki/data/TWiki directory.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.45 - 16 May 2002 - MikeMannix?)
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Installation instructions for the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 production release

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Installation instructions for the TWiki 01-Dec-2001 production release. Update notes for the new RCS configuration are marked Dataframework.

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Request and download the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html. (To install TWiki on SourceForge, for use on a software development project, read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo .)

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Request and download the TWiki 01-Dec-2001 distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html. (To install TWiki on SourceForge, for use on a software development project, read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo .)

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Note that this is not required if you use the Perl based RCS implementation - see Dataframework.

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    • Make sure RCS is installed. Set $rcsDir in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg to mach the location of your RCS binaries. You can check this by issuing the comand rcs at the prompt, it should result in something like "rcs: no input file".
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    • RCS - revision control system to store revsion of topics and attachments. You can use RCS executables or a version of RCS written in Perl, note that as the time of writing (Apr 2002) the Perl version has not been widely tested, so if you want to put up a live site the RCS executables are recommended. (Dateframework - prior version of TWiki only support the RCS executables and do not have the config setting $storeTopicImpl)
      • Set $storeTopicImpl = "RcsLite"; for the Perl based RCS
      • Set $storeTopicImpl = "RcsWrap"; for the RCS execuatbles and make sure RCS is installed. Set $rcsDir in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg to mach the location of your RCS binaries. You can check this by issuing the comand rcs at the prompt, it should result in something like "rcs: no input file".
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      • ALERT! NOTE: In the TWiki distribution package, tje twiki/data/.htpasswd.txt file contains several TWiki core team user accounts and a guest user account. You probably want to remove those accounts by deleting the entries in .htpasswd. Do not remove the guest user if you want to allow guest logins.
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      • ALERT! NOTE: In the TWiki distribution package, the twiki/data/.htpasswd.txt file contains several TWiki core team user accounts and a guest user account. You probably want to remove those accounts by deleting the entries in .htpasswd. Do not remove the guest user if you want to allow guest logins.
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See Appendix A: TWiki File System for an installed system snapshot and descriptions of all files in the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 distribution.

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See Appendix A: TWiki File System for an installed system snapshot and descriptions of all files in the TWiki 01-Dec-2001 distribution.

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-- MikeMannix - 27 Jan 2002

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-- MikeMannix? - 16 May 2002


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.44 - 07 Apr 2002 - PeterThoeny?)
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  1. Add the new web to the color-coded web directory table by editing the TWikiWebsTable topic.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.43 - 27 Jan 2002 - MikeMannix?)
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Overview

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NOTE: If you don't have access to your Web server configuration files - for example, if you're installing on an ISP-hosted account - use the alternative Step 1 instead.

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ALERT! NOTE: If you don't have access to your Web server configuration files - for example, if you're installing on an ISP-hosted account - use the alternative Step 1 instead.

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NOTE: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias, otherwise, Apache will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/, by treating it as just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias.

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ALERT! NOTE: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias, otherwise, Apache will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/, by treating it as just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias.

  • The twiki/data and twiki/templates directories should be set so that they are not visible as URLs. Add them to httpd.conf with deny from all.
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AllowOverride? all

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</Directory> <Directory "/home/httpd/twiki/data"> deny from all </Directory> <Directory "/home/httpd/twiki/templates"> deny from all

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twiki/bin CGI bin cgi-enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/cgi-bin
twiki/lib library files same level as twiki/bin /home/smith/public_html/lib
twiki/pub public files htdoc enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/pub
twiki/data topic data outside of htdoc tree (for security) /home/smith/twiki/data
twiki/templates web templates outside of htdoc tree (for security) /home/smith/twiki/templates
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twiki start-up pages root TWiki dir /home/smith/twiki/
twiki/bin CGI bin CGI-enabled dir /home/smith/twiki/bin
twiki/lib library files same level as twiki/bin /home/smith/twiki/lib
twiki/pub public files htdoc enabled dir /home/smith/twiki/pub
twiki/data topic data dir secure from public access /home/smith/twiki/data
twiki/templates web templates dir secure from public access /home/smith/twiki/templates
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  • NOTE: This Guide assumes user nobody ownership for all files manipulated by the CGI scripts (executed by the Web server), and user twiki for all other files. You can:
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  • HELP This Guide assumes user nobody ownership for all files manipulated by the CGI scripts (executed by the Web server), and user twiki for all other files. You can:
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      • HINT: Run the testenv script from your browser: http://yourdomain.com/twiki/bin/testenv. It will show you the user name of the CGI scripts, a table listing all CGI environment variables, and a test of your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file (you'll configure that in a minute).
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      • TIP HINT: Run the testenv script from your browser: http://yourdomain.com/twiki/bin/testenv. It will show you the user name of the CGI scripts, a table listing all CGI environment variables, and a test of your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file (you'll configure that in a minute).
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  • NOTE: The twiki/data/*/*.txt,v RCS repository files in the installation package are locked by user nobody. If your CGI scripts are not running as user nobody, it's not possible to check in files (you'll see that the revision number won't increase after saving a topic). In this case, you need to unlock all repository files (check the RCS man pages) and lock them with a different user, ex www-data, or delete them all - new files will be automatically created the first time each topic is edited. A simple way to change ownership is with a search-and-replace in all files; for example, using sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
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  • HELP The twiki/data/*/*.txt,v RCS repository files in the installation package are locked by user nobody. If your CGI scripts are not running as user nobody, it's not possible to check in files (you'll see that the revision number won't increase after saving a topic). In this case, you need to unlock all repository files (check the RCS man pages) and lock them with a different user, ex www-data, or delete them all - new files will be automatically created the first time each topic is edited. A simple way to change ownership is with a search-and-replace in all files; for example, using sed:
cd twiki/data
for f in */*,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv -f x $f; done
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    • Make sure RCS is installed. Set $rcsDir in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg to mach the location of your RCS binaries.
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    • Make sure RCS is installed. Set $rcsDir in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg to mach the location of your RCS binaries. You can check this by issuing the comand rcs at the prompt, it should result in something like "rcs: no input file".
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    • TIP Or, point to http://yourdomain.com/twiki/ to get the pre-TWiki index.html page, with a link to the view script. Customize this page if you want a public intro screen with a login link, instead of immediately calling up the .htaccess login dialog by going directly to view.
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    1. Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details, consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). In particular, the following red part needs to be configured correctly:
      Redirect /urlpath/to/TWiki/index.html http://your.domain.com/urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/view
      AuthUserFile /filepath/to/TWiki/data/.htpasswd
      ErrorDocument 401 /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/oops/TWiki/TWikiRegistration?template=oopsauth
      • NOTE: In case you renamed the CGI script files to have a file extension you need to reflect that in the edit, view, preview, etc entries in .htaccess.
      • NOTE: The browser should ask for login name and password when you click on the Edit link. In case .htaccess does not have the desired effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
      • NOTE: The distribution package has a twiki/data/.htpasswd file which contains some TWiki core team user accounts and a guest user account. You probably want to remove those accounts by deleting the entries in .htpasswd. Do not remove the guest user in case you want to allow guest logins.
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    1. Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details, consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). In particular, the following red part needs to be configured correctly:
      Redirect /urlpathto/twiki/index.html http://yourdomain.com/urlpathto/twiki/bin/view
      AuthUserFile /filepathto/twiki/data/.htpasswd
      ErrorDocument 401 /urlpathto/twiki/bin/oops/TWiki/TWikiRegistration?template=oopsauth
      • ALERT! NOTE: If you had to add a .cgi or .pl file extension to the bin scripts, make sure to do the same for edit, view, preview, and all the other script names in .htaccess.
      • HELP The browser should ask for login name and password when you click on the Edit link. In case .htaccess does not have the desired effect, you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory [3] section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
        • This applies only if you have root access: on hosted accounts, you shouldn't have this problem - otherwise, email tech support.
      • ALERT! NOTE: In the TWiki distribution package, tje twiki/data/.htpasswd.txt file contains several TWiki core team user accounts and a guest user account. You probably want to remove those accounts by deleting the entries in .htpasswd. Do not remove the guest user if you want to allow guest logins.
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      • HINT: You can customize the registration form by deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This ensures that the fields are processed correctly.
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      • TIP HINT: You can customize the registration form by deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This ensures that the fields are processed correctly.
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    • NOTE: When a user registers, a new line with the username and encrypted password is added to the data/.htpasswd file. The .htpasswd file that comes with the TWiki installation includes user accounts for TWiki core team members that are used for testing on TWiki.org. You can edit the file and delete those lines.
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    • ALERT! NOTE: When a user registers, a new line with the username and encrypted password is added to the data/.htpasswd file. The .htpasswd file that comes with the TWiki installation includes user accounts for TWiki core team members that are used for testing on TWiki.org. You can edit the file and delete those lines.
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    • Use a name starting with characters A..Z, followed by a..z and/or 0..9 characters, but not a WikiWord.
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    • Use a name consisting of characters A..Z , a..z but not in WikiNotation. (The name should start with one (or more) uppercase letters, but have no uppercase letters after the first group -- if it starts with a lowercase letter or is a WikiWord, some features of TWiki will not work as expected.)
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    • HINT: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- (666) and then edit the topic using your browser; RCS will restore the file permissions correctly when saving the topic.
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    • TIP HINT: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- (666) and then edit the topic using your browser; RCS will restore the file permissions correctly when saving the topic.
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NOTE: User home topics are located in the TWiki.Main web - don't try to move them or create them in other webs. From any other web, user signatures have to point to TWiki.Main web, using a Main.UserName or %MAINWEB%.UserName format. (The %MAINWEB% variable is an advantage if you ever change the Main web name, but the standard Main.UserName is easier for users to enter, which is the bottom line!

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ALERT! NOTE: User home topics are located in the TWiki.Main web - don't try to move them or create them in other webs. From any other web, user signatures have to point to TWiki.Main web, using a Main.UserName or %MAINWEB%.UserName format. (The %MAINWEB% variable is an advantage if you ever change the Main web name, but the standard Main.UserName is easier for users to enter, which is the bottom line!

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-- MikeMannix - 03 Dec 2001

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-- MikeMannix - 27 Jan 2002


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.42 - 09 Dec 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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      • NOTE: The distribution package has a twiki/data/.htpasswd file which contains some TWiki core team user accounts and a guest user account. You probably want to remove those accounts by deleting the entries in .htpasswd. Do not remove the guest user in case you want to allow guest logins.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.41 - 05 Dec 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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AllowOverride? all


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.40 - 04 Dec 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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  • Enable email notification of topic changes, MonitoringSiteActivity? has more.
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  • Enable email notification of topic changes, TWikiSiteTools has more.
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-- MikeMannix - 14 Sep 2001

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-- MikeMannix - 03 Dec 2001


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.39 - 02 Dec 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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  • Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x (755).
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  • Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x (755).

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.38 - 23 Nov 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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    • Use a name consisting of characters A..Z , a..z but not in WikiNotation.
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    • Use a name starting with characters A..Z, followed by a..z and/or 0..9 characters, but not a WikiWord.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.37 - 18 Sep 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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      • HINT: Run the testenv script from your browser: http://yourdomain.com/twiki/bin/testenv. It will show you the user name of the CGI scripts, a table listing all CGI environment variables, and a test of your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file (you'll configure that in a minute).
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  • The CGI scripts execute as nobody. Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x (755).
  • Test your settings by running the testenv script from your browser: http://yourdomain.com/twiki/bin/testenv. You should get a table listing all CGI environment variables, and a test of your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file (you'll configure that in a minute).
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  • Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x (755).
Added:
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  • NOTE: The twiki/data/*/*.txt,v RCS repository files in the installation package are locked by user nobody. If your CGI scripts are not running as user nobody, it's not possible to check in files (you'll see that the revision number won't increase after saving a topic). In this case, you need to unlock all repository files (check the RCS man pages) and lock them with a different user, ex www-data, or delete them all - new files will be automatically created the first time each topic is edited. A simple way to change ownership is with a search-and-replace in all files; for example, using sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
Deleted:
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  • NOTE: The *,v RCS repository files in the installation package are locked by user nobody. If your CGI scripts are not running as user nobody, it's not possible to check in files (you'll see that the revision number won't increase after saving a topic). In this case, you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the RCS man pages), or delete them all - new files will be automatically created the first time each topic is edited. A simple way to change ownership is with a search-and-replace in all files; for example, using sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
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>
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  • Test your settings by running the testenv script from your browser: http://yourdomain.com/twiki/bin/testenv. Check if your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file settings are correct.
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  • Edit the TWikiAdminGroup topic to include users with system administrator status.
  • Edit the TWikiPreferences topic in the TWiki:TWiki web to set the WIKIWEBMASTER email address, the WEBCOPYRIGHT message, access privileges, and other preferences.
  • Edit the WebPreferences topic in each web, if necessary: set access priviliges, individual WEBCOPYRIGHT messages, other preferences.
>
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  • Edit the TWikiPreferences topic in the TWiki:TWiki web to set the WIKIWEBMASTER email address, and other preferences.
  • Edit the WebPreferences topic in each web, if necessary: set individual WEBCOPYRIGHT messages, and other preferences.
  • Enable email notification of topic changes, MonitoringSiteActivity? has more.
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Added:
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Enabling Authentication of Users

  • If TWiki is installed on a non-authenticated server - not using SSL - and you'd like to authenticate users:
    1. Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details, consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). In particular, the following red part needs to be configured correctly:
      Redirect /urlpath/to/TWiki/index.html http://your.domain.com/urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/view
      AuthUserFile /filepath/to/TWiki/data/.htpasswd
      ErrorDocument 401 /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/oops/TWiki/TWikiRegistration?template=oopsauth
      • NOTE: In case you renamed the CGI script files to have a file extension you need to reflect that in the edit, view, preview, etc entries in .htaccess.
      • NOTE: The browser should ask for login name and password when you click on the Edit link. In case .htaccess does not have the desired effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
    2. Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. Do that by either editing the topics in theTWiki web, or by renaming the .txt and .txt,v files in the twiki/data/TWiki directory.
      • HINT: You can customize the registration form by deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This ensures that the fields are processed correctly.
  • Register yourself in the TWikiRegistration topic.
    • NOTE: When a user registers, a new line with the username and encrypted password is added to the data/.htpasswd file. The .htpasswd file that comes with the TWiki installation includes user accounts for TWiki core team members that are used for testing on TWiki.org. You can edit the file and delete those lines.
  • Create a new topic to check if authentication works.
  • Edit the TWikiAdminGroup topic in the TWiki:Main web to include users with system administrator status.
  • Edit the TWikiPreferences topic in the TWiki:TWiki web to set access privileges.
  • Edit the WebPreferences topic in each web, if necessary: set access priviliges.
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Enabling Basic Authentication (.htaccess)

  • If TWiki is installed on a non-authenticated server - not using SSL - and you'd like to authenticate users:
    1. Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details, consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). In particular, the following red part needs to be configured correctly:
      Redirect /urlpath/to/TWiki/index.html http://your.domain.com/urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/view
      AuthUserFile /filepath/to/TWiki/data/.htpasswd
      ErrorDocument 401 /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/oops/TWiki/TWikiRegistration?template=oopsauth
      • NOTE: In case you renamed the CGI script files to have a file extension you need to reflect that in the edit, view, preview, etc entries in .htaccess.
      • NOTE: The browser should ask for login name and password when you click on the Edit link. In case .htaccess does not have the desired effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
    2. Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. Do that by either editing the topics in theTWiki web, or by renaming the .txt and .txt,v files in the twiki/data/TWiki directory.
      • You can customize the registration form by deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This ensures that the fields are processed correctly.

    • NOTE: When a user registers, a new line with the username and encrypted password is added to the data/.htpasswd file. The .htpasswd file that comes with the TWiki installation includes user accounts for TWiki core team members that are used for testing on TWiki.org. You can edit the file and delete those lines.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.36 - 16 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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  • NOTE: This Guide assumes user nobody ownership for all files manipulated by the CGI scripts (executed by the Web server), and user twiki for all other files. You can:
    • replace nobody with another user if your server executes scripts under a different name (ex: default for Debian is www-data).
    • replace user twiki with your own username
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  • Restart Apache by /etc/rc.d/rc5.d/S85httpd restart .
  • Test that the twiki/bin directory is CGI-enabled by trying visiting it in your browser:
    • Enter the URL for the bin directory, http://yourdomain.com/twiki/bin/.
    • Your settings are OK if you get a message like "Forbidden. You don't have permission to access /twiki/bin/ on this server".
    • Settings are NOT correct if you get something like "Index of /twiki/bin" - recheck your httpd.conf file.
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Step 2: Check the Server Directory Settings

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Step 2: Set File Permissions

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  • Restart Apache by /etc/rc.d/rc5.d/S85httpd restart .
  • Test if the twiki/bin directory is CGI-enabled:
    • Enter the URL of that directory into your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin ). It is not set correctly as cgi-bin in case you get something like "Index of /twiki/bin" . It is OK if you get a message like "Forbidden. You don't have permission to access /twiki/bin/ on this server."
    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It shows a table with all CGI environment variables. It also tests the settings in your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file, which you will set later on.

Step 3: Enable Perl File Permissions

  • Make sure Perl 5 and the Perl CGI library are installed on your system. The default location of Perl is /usr/bin/perl. If Perl is installed elsewhere, change the first line of all scripts in the twiki/bin directory (or create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl).
    • IMPORTANT: On most ISP virtual domain accounts, Perl CGI scripts require a .cgi extension to run. Some systems need .pl, the regular Perl extension. Change all twiki/bin scripts appropriately if necessary.
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  • Make sure Perl 5 and the Perl CGI library are installed on your system. The default location of Perl is /usr/bin/perl. If it's elsewhere, change the path to Perl in the first line of each script in the twiki/bin directory, or create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl.
    • IMPORTANT: On ISP-hosted accounts, Perl CGI scripts usually require a .cgi extension to run. Some systems need .pl, the regular Perl extension. Modify all twiki/bin script filenames if necessary.
Added:
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  • NOTE: This Guide assumes user nobody ownership for all files manipulated by the CGI scripts (executed by the Web server), and user twiki for all other files. You can:
    • replace nobody with another user if your server executes scripts under a different name (ex: default for Debian is www-data).
    • replace user twiki with your own username
Added:
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  • Test your settings by running the testenv script from your browser: http://yourdomain.com/twiki/bin/testenv. You should get a table listing all CGI environment variables, and a test of your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file (you'll configure that in a minute).
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Step 4: Set the Main Configuration File

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Step 3: Set the Main Configuration File

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  • Edit the file twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg and set the variables to your needs.
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  • Edit the file twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg, setting the variables to your needs.
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  • Note in case the CGI scripts are not running as user nobody: The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (ex: www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files. A simple way to switch the locker of the RCS files is to use sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
>
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  • NOTE: The *,v RCS repository files in the installation package are locked by user nobody. If your CGI scripts are not running as user nobody, it's not possible to check in files (you'll see that the revision number won't increase after saving a topic). In this case, you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the RCS man pages), or delete them all - new files will be automatically created the first time each topic is edited. A simple way to change ownership is with a search-and-replace in all files; for example, using sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
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Step 5: Finish Up from Your Browser

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Step 4: Finish Up from Your Browser


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.35 - 16 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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Installation instructions for the current public release (01-Sep-2001)

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Installation instructions for the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 production release

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Standard Installation

Request and download the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html. (To install TWiki on SourceForge, for use on a software development project, read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo.)

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Standard Installation

Request and download the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html.

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  • NOTE: If you don't have access to your Web server configuration files - for example, if you're installing on an ISP-hosted account - use the alternative Step 1 instead.
  • NOTE: To install TWiki on SourceForge, for use on a software development project, read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo.
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NOTE: If you don't have access to your Web server configuration files - for example, if you're installing on an ISP-hosted account - use the alternative Step 1 instead.


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.34 - 15 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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NOTE: If you don't have access to your Web server configuration files - for example, if you're installing on an ISP-hosted account - use the alternative Step 1 instead.

>
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  • NOTE: If you don't have access to your Web server configuration files - for example, if you're installing on an ISP-hosted account - use the alternative Step 1 instead.
  • NOTE: To install TWiki on SourceForge, for use on a software development project, read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo.
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Note: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias in Apache, otherwise it will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/ , due to the fact that it sees that as being just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias.

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NOTE: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias, otherwise, Apache will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/, by treating it as just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias.

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twiki/bin CGI bin cgi-bin enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/cgi-bin
twiki/lib library files same level like twiki/bin /home/smith/public_html/lib
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twiki/bin CGI bin cgi-enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/cgi-bin
twiki/lib library files same level as twiki/bin /home/smith/public_html/lib
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(Read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo in case you want to install TWiki on SourceForge, to use on a software development project.)


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.33 - 15 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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Clean install of the current public release (01-Sep-2001)

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Installation instructions for the current public release (01-Sep-2001)

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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki runs on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been well-documented. More on that at TWiki:Codev/TWikiOnWindows.)

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These installation steps are based on the Apache Web server on Linux. TWiki runs on other Web servers and Unix systems, and should be fine with any OS and server that meet the system requirements?. Documentation for other platforms is currently limited. For Windows, check TWiki:Codev/TWikiOnWindows. Search the TWiki:Codev web for other intallation notes.

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  • NOTE: This Installation Guide assumes the following:

    • User nobody is used for all files manipulated by the CGI scripts (executed by the Web server), and user twiki for all other files. Replace user nobody with another user if your Web server executes scripts under a different name (default for Debian is www-data). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own username.

    • You have control over the Web server configuration files. In case you don't - you may be installing on an ISP-hosted server - follow the steps but use these directories instead:

TWiki dir: What it is: Where to copy: Example:
twiki/bin CGI bin cgi-bin enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/cgi-bin
twiki/lib library files same level like twiki/bin /home/smith/public_html/lib
twiki/pub public files htdoc enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/pub
twiki/data topic data outside of htdoc tree (for security) /home/smith/twiki/data
twiki/templates web templates outside of htdoc tree (for security) /home/smith/twiki/templates

Read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo in case you want to install TWiki on SourceForge.

>
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  • NOTE: This Guide assumes user nobody ownership for all files manipulated by the CGI scripts (executed by the Web server), and user twiki for all other files. You can:
    • replace nobody with another user if your server executes scripts under a different name (ex: default for Debian is www-data).
    • replace user twiki with your own username
Added:
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Added:
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NOTE: If you don't have access to your Web server configuration files - for example, if you're installing on an ISP-hosted account - use the alternative Step 1 instead.

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Step 1 for Non-Root Accounts

To install TWiki on a system where you don't have server administrator privileges, for example, on a hosted Web account:

  • Download and unzip TWiki on your local PC
  • Using the table below, create a directory structure on your host server
  • Upload the TWiki files by FTP (transfer as text except for the image files in pub)
TWiki dir: What it is: Where to copy: Example:
twiki/bin CGI bin cgi-bin enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/cgi-bin
twiki/lib library files same level like twiki/bin /home/smith/public_html/lib
twiki/pub public files htdoc enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/pub
twiki/data topic data outside of htdoc tree (for security) /home/smith/twiki/data
twiki/templates web templates outside of htdoc tree (for security) /home/smith/twiki/templates

(Read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo in case you want to install TWiki on SourceForge, to use on a software development project.)

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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It shows a table with all CGI environment variables. It also tests the settings in your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file, which you will set later on.
>
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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It shows a table with all CGI environment variables. It also tests the settings in your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file, which you will set later on.
Changed:
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  • Make sure Perl 5 and the Perl CGI library are installed on your system. Default location of Perl executable is /usr/bin/perl. In case Perl is installed in a different location, the first line of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory must be changed (alternatively you can create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl ).
    • IMPORTANT: On most ISP virtual domain accounts, Perl CGI scripts require a .cgi extension to run. Some systems need .pl, the regular Perl extension. Change all twiki/bin scripts appropriately if necessary.
  • To be able to edit the Perl scripts and .tmpl files it is necessary to chown and chgrp -R twiki so all the files have the owner you want.
  • The CGI scripts execute as nobody. Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x (755).
  • Set the permission of all files below twiki/data so that they are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to -rw-rw-r-- (664) and to chown them to nobody.
  • Set the permission of the twiki/data directory and its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxr-x (775) and to chown them to nobody.
  • Set the permission of the twiki/pub directory and all its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxr-x (775) and to chown them to nobody.
>
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  • Make sure Perl 5 and the Perl CGI library are installed on your system. The default location of Perl is /usr/bin/perl. If Perl is installed elsewhere, change the first line of all scripts in the twiki/bin directory (or create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl).
    • IMPORTANT: On most ISP virtual domain accounts, Perl CGI scripts require a .cgi extension to run. Some systems need .pl, the regular Perl extension. Change all twiki/bin scripts appropriately if necessary.
  • To be able to edit the Perl scripts and .tmpl files it is necessary to chown and chgrp -R twiki so all the files have the owner you want.
  • The CGI scripts execute as nobody. Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x (755).
  • Set the permission of all files below twiki/data so that they are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to -rw-rw-r-- (664) and to chown them to nobody.
  • Set the permission of the twiki/data directory and its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxr-x (775) and to chown them to nobody.
  • Set the permission of the twiki/pub directory and all its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxr-x (775) and to chown them to nobody.
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  • Edit the file twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg and set the variables to your needs.
    • Set the file extension in the $scriptSuffix variable to cgi or pl if required.
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  • Edit the file twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg and set the variables to your needs.
    • Set the file extension in the $scriptSuffix variable to cgi or pl if required.
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  • Note in case the CGI scripts are not running as user nobody: The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (e.g. www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files. A simple way to switch the locker of the RCS files is to use sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directories to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg accordingly)
>
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  • Note in case the CGI scripts are not running as user nobody: The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (ex: www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files. A simple way to switch the locker of the RCS files is to use sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directories to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg accordingly)
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  • Point your Web browser at http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/view and start TWiki-ing away!
  • Edit the TWikiPreferences topic in the TWiki:TWiki web to set the WIKIWEBMASTER email address, the WEBCOPYRIGHT message and other preferences.
  • Edit the WebNotify topic in all webs and set the users you want to notify.
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  • Point your Web browser at http://yourdomain.com/twiki/bin/view and start TWiki-ing away!
  • Edit the TWikiAdminGroup topic to include users with system administrator status.
  • Edit the TWikiPreferences topic in the TWiki:TWiki web to set the WIKIWEBMASTER email address, the WEBCOPYRIGHT message, access privileges, and other preferences.
  • Edit the WebPreferences topic in each web, if necessary: set access priviliges, individual WEBCOPYRIGHT messages, other preferences.
  • Edit the WebNotify topic in all webs and add the users you want to notify.
  • You can add new %VARIABLES%. Define site-level variables in the TWikiPreferences topic. See also: TWikiVariables.
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That's it for the standard virgin installation of TWiki. Read on to learn how to customize TWiki.

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That's it for the standard virgin installation of TWiki. Read on for server-level customization options.

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Complete a Standard Installation and your new TWiki site should be up and running. You can develop and manage most aspects of your site from the browser interface. Core set-up functions require direct access to the server file system, via Telnet or FTP. You can make server-level site changes during installation, or at any time afterwards.

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With your new TWiki installation up and running, you can manage most aspects of your site from the browser interface. Only a few functions require access to the server file system, via Telnet or FTP. You can make these server-level changes during installation, and at any time afterwards.

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Creating a New Web

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Adding a New Web

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  • To create a new web:
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To create a new web:

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      • Hint: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- (666) and then edit the topic using your browser; RCS will restore the file permissions correctly when saving the topic.
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    • HINT: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- (666) and then edit the topic using your browser; RCS will restore the file permissions correctly when saving the topic.
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  • That's it for a basic new web set-up. You can also further customize the web:
    • Create customized templates in the new templates directory (otherwise, templates are inherited from twiki/templates).
      • NOTE: For web-specific templates in a templates subdirectory, ex: twiki/templates/someweb.
    • Create TWikiForms to add form-based page input that's stored separately from the main free-form topic text.

  • NOTE: User home topics are located in the TWiki.Main web - don't try to move them or create them in other webs. From any web you can refer to users located in the TWiki.Main web with Main.UserName or %MAINWEB%.UserName - using the %MAINWEB% variable is preferable, particularly if you might change the Main web name.
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That's it for a basic new web set-up!

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Adding Variables & Rendering Rules

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Optionally, you can also:

  • Create custom web-specific templates in a new twiki/templates/Someweb directory (otherwise, templates are inherited from twiki/templates).
  • Add TWikiForms for form-based page input that's stored separately from the main free-form topic text.
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  • You can add new %VARIABLES%. Define site-level variables in the TWikiPreferences topic. See also TWikiVariables.
  • You can add new rendering rules or add new functionality to TWiki. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki, it is recommended to do this sort of customization with TWikiPlugins and the Plugins API.
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NOTE: User home topics are located in the TWiki.Main web - don't try to move them or create them in other webs. From any other web, user signatures have to point to TWiki.Main web, using a Main.UserName or %MAINWEB%.UserName format. (The %MAINWEB% variable is an advantage if you ever change the Main web name, but the standard Main.UserName is easier for users to enter, which is the bottom line!

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  • If you are on a non-authenticated server - not using SSL - and you would like to authenticate users:
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  • If TWiki is installed on a non-authenticated server - not using SSL - and you'd like to authenticate users:
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      • NOTE: You can customize the registration form if needed, like deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.
>
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      • You can customize the registration form by deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This ensures that the fields are processed correctly.
Changed:
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    • A new line containing user name and encrypted password gets added to the data/.htpasswd file when a users registers. The file that comes with the TWiki installation contains a few user accounts of TWiki core team members (needed for testing). You can edit the file and delete those lines.
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    • NOTE: When a user registers, a new line with the username and encrypted password is added to the data/.htpasswd file. The .htpasswd file that comes with the TWiki installation includes user accounts for TWiki core team members that are used for testing on TWiki.org. You can edit the file and delete those lines.
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See A: TWiki File System for an installed system snapshot and descriptions of all files in the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 distribution.

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See Appendix A: TWiki File System for an installed system snapshot and descriptions of all files in the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 distribution.

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-- PeterThoeny - 13 Sep 2001

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-- PeterThoeny? - 13 Sep 2001


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.32 - 15 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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    • You have control over the Web server configuraton files. In case you don't - you may be installing on an ISP-hosted server - follow the steps but use these directories instead:
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    • You have control over the Web server configuration files. In case you don't - you may be installing on an ISP-hosted server - follow the steps but use these directories instead:
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  • Test if the twiki/bin directory is cgi-enabled:
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  • Test if the twiki/bin directory is CGI-enabled:
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    • IMPORTANT: On most ISP virtual domain accounts, Perl CGI scripts require a .cgi extension to run. Some systems need .pl, the regular Perl extension. Change all twiki/bin scripts appropriately if necssary.
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    • IMPORTANT: On most ISP virtual domain accounts, Perl CGI scripts require a .cgi extension to run. Some systems need .pl, the regular Perl extension. Change all twiki/bin scripts appropriately if necessary.
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  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directries to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg accordingly)
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  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directories to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg accordingly)
Changed:
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-- MikeMannix - 07 Sep 2001

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-- MikeMannix - 14 Sep 2001


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.31 - 14 Sep 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been well-documented. More on that at http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Codev/TWikiOnWindows.)

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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki runs on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been well-documented. More on that at TWiki:Codev/TWikiOnWindows.)

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    • User nobody= is used for all files manipulated by the CGI scripts (executed by the Web server), and user =twiki for all other files. Replace user nobody with another user if your Web server executes scripts under a different name (default for Debian is www-data). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own username.
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    • User nobody is used for all files manipulated by the CGI scripts (executed by the Web server), and user twiki for all other files. Replace user nobody with another user if your Web server executes scripts under a different name (default for Debian is www-data). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own username.
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twiki/bin CGI bin cgi-bin enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/cgi-bin/twiki
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twiki/bin CGI bin cgi-bin enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/cgi-bin
twiki/lib library files same level like twiki/bin /home/smith/public_html/lib
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Read http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Codev/SourceForgeHowTo in case you want to install TWiki on SourceForge.

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Read TWiki:Codev/SourceForgeHowTo in case you want to install TWiki on SourceForge.

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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It shows a table with all CGI environment variables and tests the settings in your twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm configuration file.
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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It shows a table with all CGI environment variables. It also tests the settings in your twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg configuration file, which you will set later on.
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  • The scripts execute as nobody. Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x (755).
  • Set the permission of all files below twiki/data so that they are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to -rw-rw-rw- (666).
  • Set the permission of the twiki/data directory and its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxrwx (777).
  • Set the permission of the twiki/pub directory and all its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxrwx (777).
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  • The CGI scripts execute as nobody. Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x (755).
  • Set the permission of all files below twiki/data so that they are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to -rw-rw-r-- (664) and to chown them to nobody.
  • Set the permission of the twiki/data directory and its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxr-x (775) and to chown them to nobody.
  • Set the permission of the twiki/pub directory and all its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxr-x (775) and to chown them to nobody.
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  • Edit the file twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm and set the variables at the beginning of the file to your needs.
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  • Edit the file twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg and set the variables to your needs.
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    • Make sure RCS is installed. Set $rcsDir in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm to mach the location of your RCS binaries.
  • Note in case the cgi scripts are not running as user nobody: The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (e.g. www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files. A simple way to switch the locker of the RCS files is to use sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directries to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm accordingly)
  • Enable email notification of topic changes, Notification of Changes has more.
  • Add the TWiki:Main.PoweredByTWikiLogo to your WebHome topic.
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    • Make sure RCS is installed. Set $rcsDir in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg to mach the location of your RCS binaries.
  • Note in case the CGI scripts are not running as user nobody: The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (e.g. www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files. A simple way to switch the locker of the RCS files is to use sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directries to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/lib/TWiki.cfg accordingly)
  • Enable email notification of topic changes, MonitoringSiteActivity? has more.
  • Add the TWiki:Main/PoweredByTWikiLogo to your WebHome topic.
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  • If you use .htaccess, edit the file and add the file extension to edit, view, preview, etc.
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    • Create Form Templates to add form-based page input that's stored separately from the main free-form topic text.
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    • Create TWikiForms to add form-based page input that's stored separately from the main free-form topic text.
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  • You can add new rendering rules or new %VARIABLES%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki, it is recommended to do this sort of customization with TWiki Plugins and the Plugins API.
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  • You can add new %VARIABLES%. Define site-level variables in the TWikiPreferences topic. See also TWikiVariables.
  • You can add new rendering rules or add new functionality to TWiki. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki, it is recommended to do this sort of customization with TWikiPlugins and the Plugins API.
Added:
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      • NOTE: In case you renamed the CGI script files to have a file extension you need to reflect that in the edit, view, preview, etc entries in .htaccess.
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-- PeterThoeny? - 13 Sep 2001


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.30 - 09 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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NOTE: Below installation steps assume user nobody for all files manupulated by the cgi scripts (executed by the web server), and user twiki for all other files. You need to replace user nobody with an other user in case the web server executes the script with a different user ( default for Debian is www-data ). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own user name.

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  • NOTE: This Installation Guide assumes the following:
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NOTE: Below installation steps assume that you have control over the web server configuraton files. In case you don't - you may be installing on an ISP-hosted server - follow the steps but use these directories instead:

>
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    • User nobody= is used for all files manipulated by the CGI scripts (executed by the Web server), and user =twiki for all other files. Replace user nobody with another user if your Web server executes scripts under a different name (default for Debian is www-data). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own username.

    • You have control over the Web server configuraton files. In case you don't - you may be installing on an ISP-hosted server - follow the steps but use these directories instead:
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Extra Server-Level Options

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Additional Server-Level Options

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    • Use a name for the web consisting of characters A..Z , a..z but not in WikiNotation.
    • Create a new template directory under twiki/templates .
    • Create a new data directory under twiki/data and check the file permission of the directory.
    • Copy the Web*.txt files from the twiki/data/Main directory to the new data directory, preserving the original files' owner, group and permissions ( on Unix use cp -p ). The data files must be writable by the owner the CGI scripts are running on ( usually nobody ). Hint: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- and then edit the topic using your browser, RCS will restore the file permission correctly when saving the topic.
    • Add the new web to the web list (visible in the upper right corner of each topic) by editing the site-level preferences TWikiPreferences:
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    1. Create a new web data directory under twiki/data and check the file permission of the directory.
      • Use a name consisting of characters A..Z , a..z but not in WikiNotation.
    2. Copy all files from the twiki/data/_default directory to the new data directory, preserving the original files' owner, group and permissions (on Unix, use cp -p). The data files must be writable by the owner the CGI scripts are running on (usually, nobody).
      • Hint: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- (666) and then edit the topic using your browser; RCS will restore the file permissions correctly when saving the topic.
    3. Add the new web to the web list (visible in the upper right corner of each topic) by editing the site-level preferences, TWikiPreferences:
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    • Add the new web to the web table (at the bottom of each WebHome topic) by editing the TWikiWebsTable topic.
    • Change the web preferences by editing the WebPreferences topic of the new web:
      • Set the WEBBGCOLOR variable to a color of your taste. The number represents the unique color for the web (consult an HTML book for colors.)
      • Customize the %WEBTOPICLIST% variable to contain the web specific links you prefer.
      • Optional: Set the %WEBCOPYRIGHT% variable to have a web-specific copyright text (at the bottom of each topic).
    • If needed, create customized templates in the new templates directory. (Non existing templates are inherited from twiki/templates )
    • If you want to use Form Templates - see TWiki Form Template
    • In case you want usage statistics for this web: Copy file WebStatistics.txt from the twiki/data/Main directory to the new data directory. Edit topic WebStatistics in the new web and delete old usage entries.
    • Note that user home topics are only located in the TWiki.Main web, so don't try to move them or create them in other webs. From any web you can refer to users located in the TWiki.Main web like Main.UserName or %MAINWEB%.UserName.
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    1. Update the web settings by editing the WebPreferences topic of the new web:
      • Customize the %WEBTOPICLIST% variable to contain the web-specific links you prefer.
      • Set the WEBBGCOLOR variable to a color. The number represents the unique color for the web.
      • Set Plugins, access privileges, custom variables, other web-level options (ex: %WEBCOPYRIGHT% can be set for an individual web).
    2. Add the new web to the color-coded web directory table by editing the TWikiWebsTable topic.
    3. Test the new web: view pages, create a new page.

  • That's it for a basic new web set-up. You can also further customize the web:
    • Create customized templates in the new templates directory (otherwise, templates are inherited from twiki/templates).
      • NOTE: For web-specific templates in a templates subdirectory, ex: twiki/templates/someweb.
    • Create Form Templates to add form-based page input that's stored separately from the main free-form topic text.

  • NOTE: User home topics are located in the TWiki.Main web - don't try to move them or create them in other webs. From any web you can refer to users located in the TWiki.Main web with Main.UserName or %MAINWEB%.UserName - using the %MAINWEB% variable is preferable, particularly if you might change the Main web name.
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  • You can add new rendering rules or new %VARIABLES%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki it is recommended to do this customization in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm , not twiki/bin/wiki.pm .
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  • You can add new rendering rules or new %VARIABLES%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki, it is recommended to do this sort of customization with TWiki Plugins and the Plugins API.
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  • If you are on a non authenticated server (i.e. not using SSL) and you would like to authenticate users:
    • Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). In particular, the following red part needs to be configured correctly:
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  • If you are on a non-authenticated server - not using SSL - and you would like to authenticate users:
    1. Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details, consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). In particular, the following red part needs to be configured correctly:
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      • Note: The browser should ask for login name and password when you click on the Edit link. In case .htaccess does not have the desired effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
    • Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. Do that by either editing the topics in theTWiki web, or by renaming the .txt and .txt,v files in the twiki/data/TWiki directory.
      • Note: You can customize the registration form if needed, like deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.
    • A new line containing user name and encrypted password gets added to the data/.htpasswd file when a users registers. The file that comes with the TWiki installation contains a few user accounts of TWiki core team members (needed for testing). You can edit the file and delete those lines.
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      • NOTE: The browser should ask for login name and password when you click on the Edit link. In case .htaccess does not have the desired effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
    1. Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. Do that by either editing the topics in theTWiki web, or by renaming the .txt and .txt,v files in the twiki/data/TWiki directory.
      • NOTE: You can customize the registration form if needed, like deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.
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TWiki File System Snapshot

Here are partial directory listings showing typical file permissions and ownership. This is provided for general debugging use only and isn't an exact representation of the current distribution. There is also a file listing by directory?, with individual file descriptions, for the current TWiki release.

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    • A new line containing user name and encrypted password gets added to the data/.htpasswd file when a users registers. The file that comes with the TWiki installation contains a few user accounts of TWiki core team members (needed for testing). You can edit the file and delete those lines.
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Directory twiki/bin :

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TWiki File System Info

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drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:34 .
drwxrwxr-x   3 twiki twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:34 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    650 Feb 10  2000 .htaccess
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   4322 Mar 12 00:31 attach
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   1426 Jun 20 19:52 delete
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   9001 Jul 28 11:03 edit
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   1811 Mar 11 02:27 geturl
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   5006 Mar 11 02:41 mailnotify
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   1769 Mar 11 03:07 oops
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   6890 Jun 21 19:58 preview
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   7606 Mar 31 18:30 rdiff
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   8349 Jun 21 18:12 register
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   2693 Jul  5 14:32 save
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   3831 Jul 20 12:13 search
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   9835 Jun 20 19:03 statistics
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki    509 Feb  7  2000 testenv
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki  14543 Jul 20 18:46 upload
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   4755 May 22 18:11 view
-rwxrwxr-x   1 twiki twiki   1689 Jun 20 20:10 viewfile

Directory twiki/templates/ :

drwxrwxr-x   4 twiki twiki   4096 Aug  3 01:17 .
drwxrwxr-x   4 twiki twiki   4096 Aug 19 18:38 ..
drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 Know
drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki twiki   4096 May  1 01:24 Main
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   2688 Aug 15 18:15 attach.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1283 Jul 20 15:56 attachtable.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1907 Jul 28 16:41 changes.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   2265 Aug 15 17:57 edit.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    965 Feb  8  2000 mailnotify.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki     30 Jan 13  1999 notedited.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    940 Jul 20 15:59 notext.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    907 Jul 20 16:01 notwiki.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    341 Mar  8 11:39 noweb.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1000 Mar  8 11:40 oops.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1043 Oct 23 19:17 oopsaccesschange.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1036 Oct 23 19:17 oopsaccessview.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    914 Mar  8 11:40 oopsdel.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1423 May 29 01:23 oopslocked.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1067 Mar  8 11:41 oopsregexist.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    955 Mar  8 11:41 oopsregpasswd.tmpl

Directory twiki/data/ :

drwxrwxrwx   6 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:09 .
drwxrwxr-x   4 twiki   twiki   4096 Aug 19 18:38 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 nobody  nobody    51 Apr 21 16:48 .htpasswd
drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug 20 17:18 Know
drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug 19 04:15 Main
drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug 20 17:56 TWiki
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki   twiki      1 Mar 11 04:19 debug.txt
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  1516 Aug 20 17:56 log200008.txt

Partial file list for twiki/data/Main :

drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug 19 04:15 .
drwxrwxrwx   6 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:09 ..
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki twiki     3716 Aug 19 02:19 .changes
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki twiki        9 Aug 19 02:45 .mailnotify
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   358 Aug 18 17:22 OfficeLocations.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   878 Aug 18 17:22 OfficeLocations.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   680 Aug 18 17:36 TWikiGuest.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  1989 Aug 18 17:36 TWikiGuest.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   459 Aug 18 17:19 TWikiUsers.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  3840 Aug 18 17:19 TWikiUsers.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody    95 Aug 19 03:06 WebChanges.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   284 Aug 19 03:06 WebChanges.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  1853 Aug 18 18:08 WebHome.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  6523 Aug 18 18:08 WebHome.txt,v

Directory twiki/pub/ :

drwxrwxrwx   6 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:21 .
drwxrwxr-x   3 twiki   twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 ..
drwxrwxrwx   3 nobody  nobody  4096 Jun 17 16:35 Know
drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:21 Main
drwxrwxrwx   3 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:21 TWiki
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   1078 Jan 14  2000 favicon.ico
drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki   twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 icn
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   3016 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   5320 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo1.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   6125 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo2.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   7218 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo3.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   6710 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo4.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   2877 Jun  7  1999 wikiHome.gif

Partial file list for twiki/pub/icn/ :

drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki   twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 .
drwxrwxrwx   6 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:21 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    801 Mar 26  1999 _filetypes.txt
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    143 Mar  9  1999 bat.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    926 Mar  9  1999 bmp.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    141 Mar 25  1999 c.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    144 Mar  9  1999 dll.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    152 Mar  9  1999 doc.gif
>
>

See A: TWiki File System for an installed system snapshot and descriptions of all files in the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 distribution.


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.29 - 08 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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Note: Below installation steps assume user nobody for all files manupulated by the cgi scripts (executed by the web server), and user twiki for all other files. You need to replace user nobody with an other user in case the web server executes the script with a different user ( default for Debian is www-data ). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own user name.

>
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NOTE: Below installation steps assume user nobody for all files manupulated by the cgi scripts (executed by the web server), and user twiki for all other files. You need to replace user nobody with an other user in case the web server executes the script with a different user ( default for Debian is www-data ). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own user name.

Changed:
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Note: Below installation steps assume that you have control over the web server configuraton files. In case you don't - you may be installing on an ISP-hosted server - follow the steps but use these directories instead:

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NOTE: Below installation steps assume that you have control over the web server configuraton files. In case you don't - you may be installing on an ISP-hosted server - follow the steps but use these directories instead:

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Request and download the TWiki %VERSION% distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html.

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Request and download the TWiki 01-Sep-2001 distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html.

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      • Add the new web to the WIKIWEBLIST variable.
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      • Add the new web to the %WIKIWEBLIST% variable.
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      • Customize the WEBTOPICLIST variable to contain the web specific links you prefer.
      • Optional: Set the WEBCOPYRIGHT variable to have a web-specific copyright text (at the bottom of each topic).
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      • Customize the %WEBTOPICLIST% variable to contain the web specific links you prefer.
      • Optional: Set the %WEBCOPYRIGHT% variable to have a web-specific copyright text (at the bottom of each topic).
Changed:
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    • If you want to use form templates - see FormTemplateSystem?
>
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Changed:
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  • You can add new rendering rules or new %VARIABLES%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki it is recommended to do this customization in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm , not twiki/bin/wiki.pm .
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  • You can add new rendering rules or new %VARIABLES%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki it is recommended to do this customization in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm , not twiki/bin/wiki.pm .
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Here are partial directory listings showing typical file permissions and ownership. This is provided for general debugging use only and isn't an exact representation of the current distribution. There is also a complete file listing by directory?, with individual file descriptions, for the current TWiki release.

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Here are partial directory listings showing typical file permissions and ownership. This is provided for general debugging use only and isn't an exact representation of the current distribution. There is also a file listing by directory?, with individual file descriptions, for the current TWiki release.


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.28 - 07 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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TWiki Installation Guide

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TWiki Installation Guide

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Overview

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Overview

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Standard Installation

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Standard Installation

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Step 1: Create & Configure the Directories

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Step 1: Create & Configure the Directories

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Step 2: Check the Server Directory Settings

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Step 2: Check the Server Directory Settings

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Step 3: Enable Perl File Permissions

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Step 3: Enable Perl File Permissions

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Step 4: Set the Main Configuration File

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Step 4: Set the Main Configuration File

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Step 5: Finish Up from Your Browser

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Step 5: Finish Up from Your Browser

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Extra Server-Level Options

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Extra Server-Level Options

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Creating a New Web

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Creating a New Web

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Adding Variables & Rendering Rules

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Adding Variables & Rendering Rules

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Enabling Basic Authentication (.htaccess)

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Enabling Basic Authentication (.htaccess)

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TWiki File System Snapshot

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TWiki File System Snapshot

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-- PeterThoeny - 16 Mar 2001

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-- MikeMannix - 07 Sep 2001


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.27 - 04 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been documented well. More on that at http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Codev/TWikiOnWindows )

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Clean install of the current public release (01-Sep-2001)

Overview

These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been well-documented. More on that at http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Codev/TWikiOnWindows.)

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  • Make sure Perl 5 and the Perl CGI library is installed on your system. Default location of Perl executable is /usr/bin/perl . In case Perl is installed in a different location, the first line of all perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory need to be changed (alternatively you can create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl ).
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  • Make sure Perl 5 and the Perl CGI library are installed on your system. Default location of Perl executable is /usr/bin/perl. In case Perl is installed in a different location, the first line of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory must be changed (alternatively you can create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl ).

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.26 - 01 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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Note: Below installation steps assume that you have control over the web server configuraton files. In case you don't (i.e. if you are installing it on a hosted server) follow the steps but use these directories instead:

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Note: Below installation steps assume that you have control over the web server configuraton files. In case you don't - you may be installing on an ISP-hosted server - follow the steps but use these directories instead:

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Standard Installation Steps

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Standard Installation

Request and download the TWiki %VERSION% distribution in Unix ZIP format from http://TWiki.org/download.html.

Step 1: Create & Configure the Directories

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  • Here are example httpd.conf entries:
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Example httpd.conf entries:
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Step 2: Check the Server Directory Settings

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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It shows a table with all CGI environment variables and tests the settings in your twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm configuration file.
  • Make sure PERL 5 and the PERL CGI library is installed on your system. Default location of PERL executable is /usr/bin/perl . In case PERL is installed in a different location, the first line of all perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory need to be changed (alternatively you can create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl ).
  • To be able to edit the perl scripts and .tmpl files it is necessary to chown and chgrp -R twiki so all the files have the owner you want.
  • The scripts execute as nobody . Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x .
  • Set the permission of all files below twiki/data so that they are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to 666 ( -rw-rw-rw- ).
  • Set the permission of the twiki/data directory and all its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to 777 ( drwxrwxrwx ).
  • Set the permission of the twiki/pub directory and all its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to 777 ( drwxrwxrwx ).
  • Edit the file twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm and set the variables at the beginning of the file to your needs.
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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It shows a table with all CGI environment variables and tests the settings in your twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm configuration file.

Step 3: Enable Perl File Permissions

  • Make sure Perl 5 and the Perl CGI library is installed on your system. Default location of Perl executable is /usr/bin/perl . In case Perl is installed in a different location, the first line of all perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory need to be changed (alternatively you can create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl ).
    • IMPORTANT: On most ISP virtual domain accounts, Perl CGI scripts require a .cgi extension to run. Some systems need .pl, the regular Perl extension. Change all twiki/bin scripts appropriately if necssary.
  • To be able to edit the Perl scripts and .tmpl files it is necessary to chown and chgrp -R twiki so all the files have the owner you want.
  • The scripts execute as nobody. Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x (755).
  • Set the permission of all files below twiki/data so that they are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to -rw-rw-rw- (666).
  • Set the permission of the twiki/data directory and its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxrwx (777).
  • Set the permission of the twiki/pub directory and all its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to drwxrwxrwx (777).

Step 4: Set the Main Configuration File

  • Edit the file twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm and set the variables at the beginning of the file to your needs.
    • Set the file extension in the $scriptSuffix variable to cgi or pl if required.
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  • Point your browser at http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/view and start TWiki-ing away!
  • Using your browser, edit the TWikiPreferences topic in the TWiki.TWiki web to set the WIKIWEBMASTER email address, the WEBCOPYRIGHT message and other preferences.
  • Note in case the cgi scripts must have a file extension like .pl or .cgi:
    • Add the extension to all the scripts (except for the .pm ones) in twiki/bin
    • Edit wikicfg.pm and set the file extension in the $scriptSuffix variable.
    • If you use .htaccess, edit the file and add the file extension to edit, view, preview, etc.
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  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directries to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm accordingly)
  • Enable email notification of topic changes, Notification of Changes has more. Using your browser, edit also the WebNotify topic in all webs and set the users you want to notify.
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  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directries to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm accordingly)
  • Enable email notification of topic changes, Notification of Changes has more.
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Adding Variables & Rendering Rules

  • Optional: You can add new rendering rules or new %VARIABLES%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki it is recommended to do this customization in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm , not twiki/bin/wiki.pm .
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Step 5: Finish Up from Your Browser

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Enabling Basic Authentication (.htaccess)

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  • Point your Web browser at http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/view and start TWiki-ing away!
  • Edit the TWikiPreferences topic in the TWiki:TWiki web to set the WIKIWEBMASTER email address, the WEBCOPYRIGHT message and other preferences.
  • If you use .htaccess, edit the file and add the file extension to edit, view, preview, etc.
  • Edit the WebNotify topic in all webs and set the users you want to notify.
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  • Optional: If you are on a non authenticated server (i.e. not using SSL) and you would like to authenticate users:
    • Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). In particular, the following red part needs to be configured correctly:
      Redirect /urlpath/to/TWiki/index.html http://your.domain.com/urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/view
      AuthUserFile /filepath/to/TWiki/data/.htpasswd
      ErrorDocument 401 /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/oops/TWiki/TWikiRegistration?template=oopsauth
      • Note: The browser should ask for login name and password when you click on the Edit link. In case .htaccess does not have the desired effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
    • Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. Do that by either editing the topics in theTWiki web, or by renaming the .txt and .txt,v files in the twiki/data/TWiki directory.
      • Note: You can customize the registration form if needed, like deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.
    • A new line containing user name and encrypted password gets added to the data/.htpasswd file when a users registers. The file that comes with the TWiki installation contains a few user accounts of TWiki core team members (needed for testing). You can edit the file and delete those lines.
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That's it for the standard virgin installation of TWiki. Read on to learn how to customize TWiki.

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Generating Site Usage Statistics

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Extra Server-Level Options

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  • Optional: You can automatically generate usage statistics for all webs. To enable this:
    • Make sure variable $doLogTopicView, $doLogTopicSave and $doLogTopicUpload in wikicfg.pm are set. This will generate log entries in file twiki/data/log<date>.txt .
    • Topic WebStatistics must be present in all webs where you want to have statistics. You can use the topic in the Main web as a template.
    • Call the twiki/bin/statistics script from a cron job, once a day is recommended. This will update the WebStatistics topics in all webs.
    • Attention: The script must run as the same user as the CGI scripts are running, which is user nobody on most systems. Example crontab entry:
      0 0 * * * (cd /path/to/TWiki/bin; ./statistics >/dev/null 2>&1)
    • There is a workaround in case you can't run the script as user nobody : Run the utility twiki/bin/geturl in your cron job and specify the URL of the twiki/bin/statistics script as a parameter. Example:
      0 0 * * * (cd /path/to/TWiki/bin; ./geturl mydomain.com /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/statistics >/dev/null 2>&1)
    • The twiki/bin/statistics script can also be executed as a CGI script, just enter the URL in your browser. Examples:
      • Update current month for all webs:
        http://mydomain.com/twiki/bin/statistics
      • Update current month for Main web only:
        http://mydomain.com/twiki/bin/statistics/Main
      • Update January 2000 for Main web:
        http://mydomain.com/twiki/bin/statistics/Main?logdate=200001
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Complete a Standard Installation and your new TWiki site should be up and running. You can develop and manage most aspects of your site from the browser interface. Core set-up functions require direct access to the server file system, via Telnet or FTP. You can make server-level site changes during installation, or at any time afterwards.

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Creating a New Web

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Creating a New Web

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Adding Variables & Rendering Rules

  • You can add new rendering rules or new %VARIABLES%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki it is recommended to do this customization in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm , not twiki/bin/wiki.pm .

Enabling Basic Authentication (.htaccess)

  • If you are on a non authenticated server (i.e. not using SSL) and you would like to authenticate users:
    • Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). In particular, the following red part needs to be configured correctly:
      Redirect /urlpath/to/TWiki/index.html http://your.domain.com/urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/view
      AuthUserFile /filepath/to/TWiki/data/.htpasswd
      ErrorDocument 401 /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/oops/TWiki/TWikiRegistration?template=oopsauth
      • Note: The browser should ask for login name and password when you click on the Edit link. In case .htaccess does not have the desired effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
    • Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. Do that by either editing the topics in theTWiki web, or by renaming the .txt and .txt,v files in the twiki/data/TWiki directory.
      • Note: You can customize the registration form if needed, like deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.
    • A new line containing user name and encrypted password gets added to the data/.htpasswd file when a users registers. The file that comes with the TWiki installation contains a few user accounts of TWiki core team members (needed for testing). You can edit the file and delete those lines.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.25 - 01 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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%META:TOPICMOVED{by="MikeMannix" date="999319650" from="TWiki.TWikiInstallationNotes" to="TWiki.TWikiInstallationGuide"}%


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.24 - 31 Aug 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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TWiki Installation Notes

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TWiki Installation Guide

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Add New Rendering Rules & Variables

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Adding Variables & Rendering Rules

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Enable Basic Authentication (.htaccess)

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Enabling Basic Authentication (.htaccess)

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Generate Site Usage Statistics

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Generating Site Usage Statistics

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Create a New Web

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Creating a New Web

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Contents of Directories

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TWiki File System Snapshot

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Here are contents of directories showing file permissions. Please note that this is for debugging reasons only and does not exactly reflect the distribution:

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Here are partial directory listings showing typical file permissions and ownership. This is provided for general debugging use only and isn't an exact representation of the current distribution. There is also a complete file listing by directory?, with individual file descriptions, for the current TWiki release.

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-rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 34123 Nov 1 15:43 wiki.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 7234 Oct 23 00:34 wikiaccess.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 11719 Oct 28 21:58 wikicfg.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 6441 Nov 1 23:13 wikiprefs.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 13160 Oct 27 14:53 wikisearch.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 10540 Oct 28 21:43 wikistore.pm

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-rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 966 Mar 8 11:41 oopsregrequ.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1244 Apr 28 17:11 oopsregthanks.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1003 Jul 22 12:48 oopsregwiki.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1607 Mar 8 11:42 oopsrev.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 949 Mar 8 11:43 oopsupload.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1735 Aug 15 18:14 preview.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1682 Aug 15 18:14 rdiff.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 530 Jul 22 12:10 register.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 690 Apr 28 16:53 registernotify.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1900 Aug 15 18:15 search.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1785 Aug 15 18:15 searchbookview.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1559 Aug 19 02:53 view.tmpl

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Part of directory twiki/data/Main :

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Partial file list for twiki/data/Main :

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-rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 56 Aug 18 17:21 WebIndex.txt -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 245 Aug 18 17:21 WebIndex.txt,v -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 495 Aug 18 17:40 WebNotify.txt -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 1896 Aug 18 17:40 WebNotify.txt,v -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 1904 Aug 19 01:01 WebPreferences.txt -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 3108 Aug 19 01:01 WebPreferences.txt,v -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 5553 Aug 19 02:30 WebSearch.txt -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 8406 Aug 19 02:30 WebSearch.txt,v -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 729 Aug 18 17:41 WebStatistics.txt -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 1129 Aug 18 17:41 WebStatistics.txt,v

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Directory twiki/pub/icn/ :

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Partial file list for twiki/pub/icn/ :

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-rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 130 Mar 9 1999 else.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 876 Mar 26 1999 exe.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 147 Mar 9 1999 fon.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 142 Mar 25 1999 h.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 156 Mar 9 1999 hlp.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 186 Mar 9 1999 html.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 144 Mar 25 1999 java.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 148 Mar 9 1999 mov.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 150 Mar 9 1999 pdf.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 146 Mar 25 1999 pl.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 150 Mar 9 1999 ppt.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 148 Mar 25 1999 ps.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 148 Mar 25 1999 py.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 130 Mar 9 1999 ram.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 154 Mar 9 1999 reg.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 147 Mar 25 1999 sh.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 155 Mar 9 1999 sniff.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 149 Mar 9 1999 ttf.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 134 Mar 9 1999 txt.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 154 Mar 9 1999 wav.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 152 Mar 9 1999 wri.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 152 Mar 9 1999 xls.gif -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 144 Mar 9 1999 zip.gif


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.23 - 30 Aug 2001 - MikeMannix?)
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TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TWikiInstallationGuide"

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Installation steps

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Standard Installation Steps

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Add New Rendering Rules & Variables

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Enable Basic Authentication (.htaccess)

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Generate Site Usage Statistics

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Create a New Web


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.22 - 30 Aug 2001 - JohnTalintyre?)
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    • If you want to use a category table, copy the three files twikicatitems.tmpl , twikicatedit.tmpl and twikicatview.tmpl from the twiki/templates/Know directory to the new templates directory, and customize it. More on that in TWiki Category Table.
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    • If you want to use form templates - see FormTemplateSystem?
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Directory twiki/templates/Know (has a TWiki Category Table) :

drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki   twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 .
drwxrwxr-x   4 twiki   twiki   4096 Aug  3 01:17 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    446 Jun  7  1999 notedited.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    206 Jun  7  1999 twikicatedit.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   1068 Aug 18 18:26 twikicatitems.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    231 Jun  7  1999 twikicatview.tmpl

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.21 - 12 Aug 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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ErrorDocument 401 /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/view/TWiki/TWikiRegistration

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ErrorDocument 401 /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/oops/TWiki/TWikiRegistration?template=oopsauth

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    • A new line containing user name and encrypted password gets added to the data/.htpasswd file when a users registers. The file that comes with the TWiki installation contains a few user accounts of TWiki core team members (needed for testing). You can edit the file and delete those lines.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.20 - 11 Jul 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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    • Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). Note: In case .htaccess does not have any effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
    • Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. You can customize the topic if needed. Note: You can delete or add new input tags to the registration form. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.
>
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    • Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). In particular, the following red part needs to be configured correctly:
      Redirect /urlpath/to/TWiki/index.html http://your.domain.com/urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/view
      AuthUserFile /filepath/to/TWiki/data/.htpasswd
      ErrorDocument 401 /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/view/TWiki/TWikiRegistration
      • Note: The browser should ask for login name and password when you click on the Edit link. In case .htaccess does not have the desired effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
    • Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. Do that by either editing the topics in theTWiki web, or by renaming the .txt and .txt,v files in the twiki/data/TWiki directory.
      • Note: You can customize the registration form if needed, like deleting or adding input tags. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.19 - 16 Mar 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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TWiki Installation Notes

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Installation steps:

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Installation steps

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Contents of Directories

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-- PeterThoeny? - 29 Dec 2000

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-- PeterThoeny - 16 Mar 2001


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.18 - 26 Feb 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
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Alias /twiki/ "/home/httpd/twiki"

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Alias /twiki/ "/home/httpd/twiki/"


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.17 - 30 Dec 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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    • Note that user home topics are only located in the TWiki.Main web, so don't try to move them or create them in other webs. From any web you can refer to users located in the TWiki.Main web like Main.UserName or %MAINWEB%.UserName.
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-- PeterThoeny? - 24 Nov 2000

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-- PeterThoeny? - 29 Dec 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.16 - 11 Dec 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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  • Set the file permission of all files below twiki/data to 666 ( -rw-rw-rw- ).
  • Set the file permission of the twiki/data directory and all its subdirectories to 777 ( drwxrwxrwx ).
  • Set the file permission of the twiki/pub directory to 777 ( drwxrwxrwx ).
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  • Set the permission of all files below twiki/data so that they are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to 666 ( -rw-rw-rw- ).
  • Set the permission of the twiki/data directory and all its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to 777 ( drwxrwxrwx ).
  • Set the permission of the twiki/pub directory and all its subdirectories so that files in there are writable by user nobody. A simple way is to chmod them to 777 ( drwxrwxrwx ).

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.15 - 29 Nov 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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  • Using your browser, edit the TWikiPreferences topic in the TWiki.TWiki web to set the WIKIWEBMASTER email address, the WEBCOPYRIGHT message and other preferences.
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  • Note in case the cgi scripts are not running as user nobody: The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (e.g. www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files. A simple way to switch the locker of the RCS files is to use sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody/www-data/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
>
>

  • Note in case the cgi scripts are not running as user nobody: The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (e.g. www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files. A simple way to switch the locker of the RCS files is to use sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody\:/www-data\:/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
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  • Enable email notification of topic changes, Notification of Changes has more. Using your browser, edit also the WebNotify topic in all webs and set the users you want to notify.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.14 - 25 Nov 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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 ScriptAlias /twiki/bin/ "/home/httpd/twiki/bin/"
 Alias /twiki/ "/home/httpd/twiki/pub/"
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 ScriptAlias /twiki/bin/ "/home/httpd/twiki/bin/"
 Alias /twiki/ "/home/httpd/twiki"
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SetHandler? cgi-script

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SetHandler cgi-script

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Options FollowSymLinks? +Includes AllowOverride? None

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Options FollowSymLinks +Includes AllowOverride None

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-- PeterThoeny? - 13 Nov 2000

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-- PeterThoeny? - 24 Nov 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.13 - 14 Nov 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been documented well. More on that at http://TWiki.org/Codev/TWikiOnWindows )

>
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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been documented well. More on that at http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Codev/TWikiOnWindows )

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Read http://TWiki.org/Codev/SourceForgeHowTo in case you wnat to install TWiki on SourceForge.

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Read http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Codev/SourceForgeHowTo in case you want to install TWiki on SourceForge.

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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It should show a table wit all CGI environment variables.
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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It shows a table with all CGI environment variables and tests the settings in your twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm configuration file.
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-- PeterThoeny? - 02 Nov 2000

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-- PeterThoeny? - 13 Nov 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.12 - 12 Nov 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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Note: These installation notes assume user nobody for all files manupulated by the cgi scripts (executed by the web server), and user twiki for all other files. You need to replace user nobody with an other user in case the web server executes the script with a different user ( default for Debian is www-data ). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own user name.

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Note: Below installation steps assume user nobody for all files manupulated by the cgi scripts (executed by the web server), and user twiki for all other files. You need to replace user nobody with an other user in case the web server executes the script with a different user ( default for Debian is www-data ). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own user name.

Note: Below installation steps assume that you have control over the web server configuraton files. In case you don't (i.e. if you are installing it on a hosted server) follow the steps but use these directories instead:

TWiki dir: What it is: Where to copy: Example:
twiki/bin CGI bin cgi-bin enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/cgi-bin/twiki
twiki/pub public files htdoc enabled dir /home/smith/public_html/pub
twiki/data topic data outside of htdoc tree (for security) /home/smith/twiki/data
twiki/templates web templates outside of htdoc tree (for security) /home/smith/twiki/templates
Read http://TWiki.org/Codev/SourceForgeHowTo in case you wnat to install TWiki on SourceForge.

Installation steps:

Added:
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  • Note in case the cgi scripts must have a file extension like .pl or .cgi:
    • Add the extension to all the scripts (except for the .pm ones) in twiki/bin
    • Edit wikicfg.pm and set the file extension in the $scriptSuffix variable.
    • If you use .htaccess, edit the file and add the file extension to edit, view, preview, etc.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.11 - 09 Nov 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been documented well. More on that at http://twiki.sourceforge.net/cgi-bin/view/Codev/TWikiOnWindows )

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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been documented well. More on that at http://TWiki.org/Codev/TWikiOnWindows )

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Changed:
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 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.10 - 02 Nov 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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  • Enable email notification of topic changes, (4) has more.
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    • If you want to use a category table, copy the three files twikicatitems.tmpl , twikicatedit.tmpl and twikicatview.tmpl from the twiki/templates/Know directory to the new templates directory, and customize it. More on that in (5) TWiki Category Table.
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    • If you want to use a category table, copy the three files twikicatitems.tmpl , twikicatedit.tmpl and twikicatview.tmpl from the twiki/templates/Know directory to the new templates directory, and customize it. More on that in TWiki Category Table.
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-rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 40103 Aug 18 13:00 wiki.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 11521 Aug 19 18:38 wikicfg.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 13969 Aug 19 00:30 wikisearch.pm

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-rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 34123 Nov 1 15:43 wiki.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 7234 Oct 23 00:34 wikiaccess.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 11719 Oct 28 21:58 wikicfg.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 6441 Nov 1 23:13 wikiprefs.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 13160 Oct 27 14:53 wikisearch.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 10540 Oct 28 21:43 wikistore.pm

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-rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1043 Oct 23 19:17 oopsaccesschange.tmpl -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 1036 Oct 23 19:17 oopsaccessview.tmpl

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-- PeterThoeny? - 23 Sep 2000

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-- PeterThoeny? - 02 Nov 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.9 - 27 Oct 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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  • Optional: If you are on a public server and you would like to authenticate users:
    • Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2], [3]). Note: In case .htaccess does not have any effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
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  • Optional: If you are on a non authenticated server (i.e. not using SSL) and you would like to authenticate users:
    • Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2]). Note: In case .htaccess does not have any effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.8 - 23 Sep 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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  • Note in case cgi user is not nobody : The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (e.g. www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files.
>
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  • Note in case the cgi scripts are not running as user nobody: The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (e.g. www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files. A simple way to switch the locker of the RCS files is to use sed:
    for f in *,v; do sed 's/nobody/www-data/' $f > x; mv x $f; done
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-- PeterThoeny? - 20 Aug 2000

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-- PeterThoeny? - 23 Sep 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.7 - 21 Aug 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well.

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These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well. (TWiki on Windows is possible, but has not been documented well. More on that at http://twiki.sourceforge.net/cgi-bin/view/Codev/TWikiOnWindows )

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  • Create directory /home/httpd/twiki and unzip the TWiki distribution to this directory.
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  • Create directory /home/httpd/twiki and unzip the TWiki distribution into this directory.
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Note: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias in Apache, otherwise it will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/ , due to the fact that it sees that as being just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias. (MichaelBrooks? 30 Jun 2000)

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Note: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias in Apache, otherwise it will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/ , due to the fact that it sees that as being just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias.

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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It should show a table of all CGI environment variables.
  • Make sure PERL and the PERL CGI library is installed on your system. Default location of PERL executable is /usr/bin/perl . In case PERL is installed in a different location, the first line of all perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory need to be changed (alternatively you can create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl ).
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    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It should show a table wit all CGI environment variables.
  • Make sure PERL 5 and the PERL CGI library is installed on your system. Default location of PERL executable is /usr/bin/perl . In case PERL is installed in a different location, the first line of all perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory need to be changed (alternatively you can create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl ).
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  • The scripts execute as nobody . Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rw-r-xr-x .
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  • The scripts execute as nobody . Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rwxr-xr-x .
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  • Make sure RCS is installed. In case RCS is not in the path environment variable, add it to path . Alternatively, add the full path name to the rcs, ci, co, rlog, rcsdiff commands in the variables of twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm .
  • Point your browser at http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/view and start wiki-ing away!
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  • Make sure RCS is installed. Set $rcsDir in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm to mach the location of your RCS binaries.
  • Point your browser at http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/view and start TWiki-ing away!
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  • Enable email notification of topic changes, (3) has more.
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  • Enable email notification of topic changes, (4) has more.
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  • Optional: You can add new rendering rules or new %variables%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki it is recommended to do this customization in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm , not twiki/bin/wiki.pm .
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  • Optional: You can add new rendering rules or new %VARIABLES%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki it is recommended to do this customization in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm , not twiki/bin/wiki.pm .
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    • Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. You can customize the topic if needed. Note: You can delete or add new input variables to the registration form. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.
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    • Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. You can customize the topic if needed. Note: You can delete or add new input tags to the registration form. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.
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    • Copy the files WebHome.txt , WebPreferences.txt , WebNotify.txt , WebSearch.txt and WebStatistics.txt from the twiki/data/Main directory to the new data directory, preserving the original files' owner, group and permissions ( on Unix use cp -p ). The data files must be writable by the owner the CGI scripts are running on ( usually nobody ). Hint: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- and then edit the topic using your browser, RCS will restore the file permission correctly when saving the topic.
    • Add the new web to the web list (on top of each topic) by editing the site-level preferences TWikiPreferences?:
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    • Copy the Web*.txt files from the twiki/data/Main directory to the new data directory, preserving the original files' owner, group and permissions ( on Unix use cp -p ). The data files must be writable by the owner the CGI scripts are running on ( usually nobody ). Hint: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- and then edit the topic using your browser, RCS will restore the file permission correctly when saving the topic.
    • Add the new web to the web list (visible in the upper right corner of each topic) by editing the site-level preferences TWikiPreferences:
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    • Add the new web to the web table (at the bottom of each WebHome topic) by editing the TWikiWebsTable? topic.
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    • Add the new web to the web table (at the bottom of each WebHome topic) by editing the TWikiWebsTable topic.
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    • If you want to use a category table, copy the three files twikicatitems.tmpl , twikicatedit.tmpl and twikicatview.tmpl from the twiki/templates/Know directory to the new templates directory, and customize it. The TWiki Category Table section has more.
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    • If you want to use a category table, copy the three files twikicatitems.tmpl , twikicatedit.tmpl and twikicatview.tmpl from the twiki/templates/Know directory to the new templates directory, and customize it. More on that in (5) TWiki Category Table.
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Here are contents of directories with file permissions. Please note that this is for debugging reasons only and does not exactly reflect the distribution:

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Here are contents of directories showing file permissions. Please note that this is for debugging reasons only and does not exactly reflect the distribution:

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directory twiki/bin :

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Directory twiki/bin :

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drwxr-xr-x 2 twiki twiki 1024 Feb 18 18:31 . drwxr-xr-x 8 twiki twiki 1024 Feb 26 04:20 .. -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 770 Feb 10 12:10 .htaccess -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 3968 Feb 18 00:26 attach -rwxr-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 3033 Feb 17 23:57 changes -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 1377 Feb 8 18:18 delete -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 8785 Feb 17 23:58 edit -rwxr--r-- 1 twiki twiki 1811 Feb 4 14:31 geturl -rwxr-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 5047 Feb 8 20:33 mailnotify -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 1825 Feb 8 18:29 oops -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 6932 Feb 11 02:06 preview -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 7804 Feb 17 23:59 rdiff -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 7010 Feb 18 00:03 register -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 2501 Jan 25 19:39 save -rwxr-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 1778 Feb 18 00:04 search -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 9810 Feb 8 18:43 statistics -rwxr-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 509 Feb 7 18:55 testenv -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 6856 Feb 18 00:11 upload -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 4922 Feb 17 23:54 view -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 1606 May 21 1999 viewfile -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 27794 Feb 26 06:03 wiki.pm -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 10143 Feb 27 04:03 wikicfg.pm -rw-r-xr-x 1 twiki twiki 5440 Feb 7 04:36 wikisearch.pm

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drwxrwxr-x 2 twiki twiki 4096 Jun 17 16:34 . drwxrwxr-x 3 twiki twiki 4096 Jun 17 16:34 .. -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 650 Feb 10 2000 .htaccess -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 4322 Mar 12 00:31 attach -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 1426 Jun 20 19:52 delete -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 9001 Jul 28 11:03 edit -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 1811 Mar 11 02:27 geturl -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 5006 Mar 11 02:41 mailnotify -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 1769 Mar 11 03:07 oops -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 6890 Jun 21 19:58 preview -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 7606 Mar 31 18:30 rdiff -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 8349 Jun 21 18:12 register -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 2693 Jul 5 14:32 save -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 3831 Jul 20 12:13 search -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 9835 Jun 20 19:03 statistics -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 509 Feb 7 2000 testenv -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 14543 Jul 20 18:46 upload -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 4755 May 22 18:11 view -rwxrwxr-x 1 twiki twiki 1689 Jun 20 20:10 viewfile -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 40103 Aug 18 13:00 wiki.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 11521 Aug 19 18:38 wikicfg.pm -rw-rw-r-- 1 twiki twiki 13969 Aug 19 00:30 wikisearch.pm

Directory twiki/templates/ :

drwxrwxr-x   4 twiki twiki   4096 Aug  3 01:17 .
drwxrwxr-x   4 twiki twiki   4096 Aug 19 18:38 ..
drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 Know
drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki twiki   4096 May  1 01:24 Main
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   2688 Aug 15 18:15 attach.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1283 Jul 20 15:56 attachtable.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1907 Jul 28 16:41 changes.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   2265 Aug 15 17:57 edit.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    965 Feb  8  2000 mailnotify.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki     30 Jan 13  1999 notedited.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    940 Jul 20 15:59 notext.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    907 Jul 20 16:01 notwiki.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    341 Mar  8 11:39 noweb.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1000 Mar  8 11:40 oops.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    914 Mar  8 11:40 oopsdel.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1423 May 29 01:23 oopslocked.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1067 Mar  8 11:41 oopsregexist.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    955 Mar  8 11:41 oopsregpasswd.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    966 Mar  8 11:41 oopsregrequ.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1244 Apr 28 17:11 oopsregthanks.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1003 Jul 22 12:48 oopsregwiki.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1607 Mar  8 11:42 oopsrev.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    949 Mar  8 11:43 oopsupload.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1735 Aug 15 18:14 preview.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1682 Aug 15 18:14 rdiff.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    530 Jul 22 12:10 register.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki    690 Apr 28 16:53 registernotify.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1900 Aug 15 18:15 search.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1785 Aug 15 18:15 searchbookview.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki twiki   1559 Aug 19 02:53 view.tmpl

Directory twiki/templates/Know (has a TWiki Category Table) :

drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki   twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 .
drwxrwxr-x   4 twiki   twiki   4096 Aug  3 01:17 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    446 Jun  7  1999 notedited.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    206 Jun  7  1999 twikicatedit.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   1068 Aug 18 18:26 twikicatitems.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    231 Jun  7  1999 twikicatview.tmpl

Directory twiki/data/ :

drwxrwxrwx   6 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:09 .
drwxrwxr-x   4 twiki   twiki   4096 Aug 19 18:38 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 nobody  nobody    51 Apr 21 16:48 .htpasswd
drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug 20 17:18 Know
drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug 19 04:15 Main
drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug 20 17:56 TWiki
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki   twiki      1 Mar 11 04:19 debug.txt
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  1516 Aug 20 17:56 log200008.txt

Part of directory twiki/data/Main :

drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug 19 04:15 .
drwxrwxrwx   6 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:09 ..
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki twiki     3716 Aug 19 02:19 .changes
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki twiki        9 Aug 19 02:45 .mailnotify
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   358 Aug 18 17:22 OfficeLocations.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   878 Aug 18 17:22 OfficeLocations.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   680 Aug 18 17:36 TWikiGuest.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  1989 Aug 18 17:36 TWikiGuest.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   459 Aug 18 17:19 TWikiUsers.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  3840 Aug 18 17:19 TWikiUsers.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody    95 Aug 19 03:06 WebChanges.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   284 Aug 19 03:06 WebChanges.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  1853 Aug 18 18:08 WebHome.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  6523 Aug 18 18:08 WebHome.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody    56 Aug 18 17:21 WebIndex.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   245 Aug 18 17:21 WebIndex.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   495 Aug 18 17:40 WebNotify.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  1896 Aug 18 17:40 WebNotify.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  1904 Aug 19 01:01 WebPreferences.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  3108 Aug 19 01:01 WebPreferences.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  5553 Aug 19 02:30 WebSearch.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  8406 Aug 19 02:30 WebSearch.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   729 Aug 18 17:41 WebStatistics.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody  1129 Aug 18 17:41 WebStatistics.txt,v

Directory twiki/pub/ :

drwxrwxrwx   6 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:21 .
drwxrwxr-x   3 twiki   twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 ..
drwxrwxrwx   3 nobody  nobody  4096 Jun 17 16:35 Know
drwxrwxrwx   2 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:21 Main
drwxrwxrwx   3 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:21 TWiki
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   1078 Jan 14  2000 favicon.ico
drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki   twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 icn
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   3016 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   5320 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo1.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   6125 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo2.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   7218 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo3.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   6710 Oct  5  1999 twikilogo4.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki   2877 Jun  7  1999 wikiHome.gif

Directory twiki/pub/icn/ :

drwxrwxr-x   2 twiki   twiki   4096 Jun 17 16:35 .
drwxrwxrwx   6 nobody  nobody  4096 Aug  3 01:21 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    801 Mar 26  1999 _filetypes.txt
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    143 Mar  9  1999 bat.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    926 Mar  9  1999 bmp.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    141 Mar 25  1999 c.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    144 Mar  9  1999 dll.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    152 Mar  9  1999 doc.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    130 Mar  9  1999 else.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    876 Mar 26  1999 exe.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    147 Mar  9  1999 fon.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    142 Mar 25  1999 h.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    156 Mar  9  1999 hlp.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    186 Mar  9  1999 html.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    144 Mar 25  1999 java.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    148 Mar  9  1999 mov.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    150 Mar  9  1999 pdf.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    146 Mar 25  1999 pl.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    150 Mar  9  1999 ppt.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    148 Mar 25  1999 ps.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    148 Mar 25  1999 py.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    130 Mar  9  1999 ram.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    154 Mar  9  1999 reg.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    147 Mar 25  1999 sh.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    155 Mar  9  1999 sniff.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    149 Mar  9  1999 ttf.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    134 Mar  9  1999 txt.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    154 Mar  9  1999 wav.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    152 Mar  9  1999 wri.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    152 Mar  9  1999 xls.gif
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki    144 Mar  9  1999 zip.gif
Changed:
<
<

directory twiki/templates/ :

drwxr-xr-x   7 twiki   twiki       1024 Jan 16 19:39 .
drwxr-xr-x   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:20 ..
drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Jun  8  1999 Know
drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Dec  9  1998 Main
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       2286 Feb 24 21:50 attach.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1272 Feb  8 16:07 attachtable.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1884 Feb 24 21:54 changes.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       2242 Feb 24 21:33 edit.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        965 Feb  8 16:07 mailnotify.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki         30 Jan 14  1999 notedited.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        934 Feb  8 16:07 notext.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        899 Feb  8 16:07 notwiki.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        299 Feb 24 21:58 noweb.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        957 Feb 24 22:17 oops.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        871 Feb 24 22:17 oopsdel.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1330 Feb 24 22:17 oopslocked.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregexist.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        912 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregpasswd.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        923 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregrequ.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1125 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregthanks.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        942 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregwiki.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1564 Feb 24 22:17 oopsrev.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        906 Feb 24 22:17 oopsupload.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1535 Feb 24 22:02 preview.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1661 Feb 24 22:04 rdiff.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        263 Aug  3  1999 register.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        936 Feb  8 16:08 registernotify.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1779 Feb 24 22:06 search.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1533 Feb 24 21:43 view.tmpl

directory twiki/templates/Main :

drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Dec  9  1998 .
drwxr-xr-x   7 twiki   twiki       1024 Jan 16 19:39 ..
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       2732 Feb 24 21:34 edit.tmpl

directory twiki/templates/Know (has a TWiki Category Table) :

drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Jun  8  1999 .
drwxr-xr-x   7 twiki   twiki       1024 Jan 16 19:39 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki        446 Jun  8  1999 notedited.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki        206 Jun  8  1999 twikicatedit.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki       1060 Jul 16  1999 twikicatitems.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki        231 Jun  8  1999 twikicatview.tmpl

directory twiki/data/ :

drwxrwxrwx   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:17 .
drwxr-xr-x   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:20 ..
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2241 Feb 25 20:18 .htpasswd
drwxrwxrwx   2 twiki   twiki       3072 Feb 27 01:15 Know
drwxrwxrwx   2 twiki   twiki       9216 Feb 27 18:16 Main
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki   twiki          1 Feb 26 06:01 debug.txt
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   1263064 Jan 31 23:13 log200001.txt
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   1063398 Feb 27 18:33 log200002.txt

part of directory twiki/data/Main :

drwxrwxrwx   2 twiki   twiki       9216 Feb 27 18:16 .
drwxrwxrwx   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:17 ..
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki   twiki       5722 Feb 27 18:13 .changes
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki   twiki          9 Feb 27 18:15 .mailnotify
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     26163 Feb 24 12:22 TWikiDocumentation.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     44133 Feb 24 12:22 TWikiDocumentation.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     11661 Feb 27 18:13 TWikiHistory.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     18877 Feb 27 18:13 TWikiHistory.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3029 Feb 26 04:46 TWikiPreferences.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3219 Feb 26 04:46 TWikiPreferences.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      7188 Feb 11 21:39 TWikiRegistration.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      7375 Feb 11 21:39 TWikiRegistration.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3180 Feb 25 20:19 TWikiUsers.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     16537 Feb 25 20:19 TWikiUsers.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2613 Feb  7 04:47 TWikiVariables.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3125 Feb  7 04:47 TWikiVariables.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2068 Feb 10 11:34 TWikiWeb.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3610 Feb 10 11:34 TWikiWeb.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      1677 Feb 26 05:11 TWikiWebsTable.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      1866 Feb 26 05:11 TWikiWebsTable.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2294 Feb 27 17:54 WebHome.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      5282 Feb 27 17:54 WebHome.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody       586 Jan 17 01:05 WebNotify.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      1629 Jan 17 01:05 WebNotify.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      1834 Feb 25 14:13 WebPreferences.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2023 Feb 25 14:13 WebPreferences.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      4407 Feb 11 21:08 WebSearch.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     10822 Feb 11 21:08 WebSearch.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      4416 Feb 27 00:00 WebStatistics.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     27759 Feb 27 00:00 WebStatistics.txt,v

directory twiki/pub/ :

drwxrwxrwx  11 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb  8 18:10 .
drwxr-xr-x   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:20 ..
drwxrwxrwx   4 nobody  nobody      1024 Aug 28  1999 Know
drwxrwxrwx  19 nobody  nobody      1024 Feb 27 09:56 Main
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1078 Jan 14 20:24 favicon.ico
drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Mar 27  1999 icn
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       3016 Sep 10 04:27 twikilogo.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       5320 Sep 10 04:27 twikilogo1.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       6125 Sep 10 04:27 twikilogo2.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       7218 Sep 10 04:27 twikilogo3.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       6710 Sep 11 02:21 twikilogo4.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       2877 Jun 15  1999 wikiHome.gif

directory twiki/pub/icn/ :

drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Mar 27  1999 .
drwxrwxrwx  11 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb  8 18:10 ..
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        801 Mar 27  1999 _filetypes.txt
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        143 Mar 27  1999 bat.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        926 Mar 27  1999 bmp.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        141 Mar 27  1999 c.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        144 Mar 27  1999 dll.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        152 Mar 27  1999 doc.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        130 Mar 27  1999 else.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        876 Mar 27  1999 exe.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        147 Mar 27  1999 fon.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        142 Mar 27  1999 h.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        156 Mar 27  1999 hlp.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        186 Mar 27  1999 html.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        144 Mar 27  1999 java.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        148 Mar 27  1999 mov.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        150 Mar 27  1999 pdf.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        146 Mar 27  1999 pl.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        150 Mar 27  1999 ppt.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        148 Mar 27  1999 ps.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        148 Mar 27  1999 py.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        130 Mar 27  1999 ram.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        154 Mar 27  1999 reg.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        147 Mar 27  1999 sh.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        155 Mar 27  1999 sniff.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        149 Mar 27  1999 ttf.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        134 Mar 27  1999 txt.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        154 Mar 27  1999 wav.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        152 Mar 27  1999 wri.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        152 Mar 27  1999 xls.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        144 Mar 27  1999 zip.gif

-- PeterThoeny? - 27 Jul 2000

>
>

-- PeterThoeny? - 20 Aug 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.6 - 28 Jul 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

  • The twiki/bin directory of TWiki must be set as a cgi-bin directory. Add /home/httpd/twiki/bin to file /etc/httpd/conf/http.conf with only ExecCGI option.
  • The twiki/pub directory of TWiki must be set so that it is visible as a URL. Add /home/httpd/twiki to file http.conf with normal access options (copy from /home/httpd/html ).
  • Now add ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin and Alias for /twiki to file http.conf .
    Note: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias in Apache, otherwise it will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/ , due to the fact that it sees that as being just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias.
  • Here are example http.conf entries:
>
>

  • The twiki/bin directory of TWiki must be set as a cgi-bin directory. Add /home/httpd/twiki/bin to file /etc/httpd/httpd.conf with only ExecCGI option.
  • The twiki/pub directory of TWiki must be set so that it is visible as a URL. Add /home/httpd/twiki to file httpd.conf with normal access options (copy from /home/httpd/html ).
  • Now add ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin and Alias for /twiki to file httpd.conf .
    Note: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias in Apache, otherwise it will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/ , due to the fact that it sees that as being just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias. (MichaelBrooks? 30 Jun 2000)
  • Here are example httpd.conf entries:
Changed:
<
<

-- PeterThoeny? - 17 Jul 2000

>
>

-- PeterThoeny? - 27 Jul 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.5 - 18 Jul 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

  • The twiki/bin directory of TWiki must be set as a cgi-bin directory. Add /home/httpd/twiki/bin to /etc/httpd/conf/access.conf with only ExecCGI option.
  • The twiki/pub directory of TWiki must be set so that it is visible as a URL. Add /home/httpd/twiki to /etc/httpd/conf/access.conf with normal access options (copy from /home/httpd/html).
  • Now add ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin and Alias for /twiki to /etc/httpd/conf/srm-conf . Example:
    ScriptAlias /twiki/bin/ /home/httpd/twiki/bin/
    Alias /twiki/ /home/httpd/twiki/
    Note: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias in Apache, otherwise it will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/ , due to the fact that it sees that as being just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias.
>
>

  • The twiki/bin directory of TWiki must be set as a cgi-bin directory. Add /home/httpd/twiki/bin to file /etc/httpd/conf/http.conf with only ExecCGI option.
  • The twiki/pub directory of TWiki must be set so that it is visible as a URL. Add /home/httpd/twiki to file http.conf with normal access options (copy from /home/httpd/html ).
  • Now add ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin and Alias for /twiki to file http.conf .
    Note: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias in Apache, otherwise it will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/ , due to the fact that it sees that as being just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias.
  • Here are example http.conf entries:
 ScriptAlias /twiki/bin/ "/home/httpd/twiki/bin/"
 Alias /twiki/ "/home/httpd/twiki/pub/"
 <Directory "/home/httpd/twiki/bin">
    Options +ExecCGI
    SetHandler cgi-script
    Allow from all
 </Directory>
 <Directory "/home/httpd/twiki/pub">
    Options FollowSymLinks +Includes
    AllowOverride None
    Allow from all
 </Directory>
Changed:
<
<

-- PeterThoeny? - 24 May 2000

>
>

-- PeterThoeny? - 17 Jul 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.4 - 30 Jun 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

  • Now add ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin and Alias for /twiki to /etc/httpd/conf/srm-conf . Example:
    ScriptAlias /twiki/bin/ /home/httpd/twiki/bin/
    Alias /twiki/ /home/httpd/twiki/
>
>

  • Now add ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin and Alias for /twiki to /etc/httpd/conf/srm-conf . Example:
    ScriptAlias /twiki/bin/ /home/httpd/twiki/bin/
    Alias /twiki/ /home/httpd/twiki/
    Note: The ScriptAlias must come before the Alias in Apache, otherwise it will fail to correctly set up /twiki/bin/ , due to the fact that it sees that as being just another subdirectory of the /twiki/ alias.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.3 - 25 May 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

  • Now add Alias for /twiki and ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin to /etc/httpd/conf/srm-conf .
>
>

  • Now add ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin and Alias for /twiki to /etc/httpd/conf/srm-conf . Example:
    ScriptAlias /twiki/bin/ /home/httpd/twiki/bin/
    Alias /twiki/ /home/httpd/twiki/
Changed:
<
<

-- PeterThoeny? - 21 Apr 2000

>
>

-- PeterThoeny? - 24 May 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.2 - 25 Apr 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

  • The twiki/pub directory of TWiki must be set so that it is visible as a URL. Add /home/httpd/twiki/pub to /etc/httpd/conf/access.conf with normal access options (copy from /home/httpd/html).
  • Now add Alias for /twiki/pub and ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin to /etc/httpd/conf/srm-conf .
>
>

  • The twiki/pub directory of TWiki must be set so that it is visible as a URL. Add /home/httpd/twiki to /etc/httpd/conf/access.conf with normal access options (copy from /home/httpd/html).
  • Now add Alias for /twiki and ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin to /etc/httpd/conf/srm-conf .

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TWikiInstallationGuide (r1.1 - 22 Apr 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
Added:
>
>

These installation steps use the Apache web server on Linux as an example. TWiki should run on other web servers and Unix systems as well.

Note: These installation notes assume user nobody for all files manupulated by the cgi scripts (executed by the web server), and user twiki for all other files. You need to replace user nobody with an other user in case the web server executes the script with a different user ( default for Debian is www-data ). Also, you can substitute user twiki with your own user name.

  • Request the TWiki distribution (in Unix ZIP format) from http://TWiki.SourceForge.net/download.html .
  • Create directory /home/httpd/twiki and unzip the TWiki distribution to this directory.
  • The twiki/bin directory of TWiki must be set as a cgi-bin directory. Add /home/httpd/twiki/bin to /etc/httpd/conf/access.conf with only ExecCGI option.
  • The twiki/pub directory of TWiki must be set so that it is visible as a URL. Add /home/httpd/twiki/pub to /etc/httpd/conf/access.conf with normal access options (copy from /home/httpd/html).
  • Now add Alias for /twiki/pub and ScriptAlias for /twiki/bin to /etc/httpd/conf/srm-conf .
  • Restart Apache by /etc/rc.d/rc5.d/S85httpd restart .
  • Test if the twiki/bin directory is cgi-enabled:
    • Enter the URL of that directory into your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin ). It is not set correctly as cgi-bin in case you get something like "Index of /twiki/bin" . It is OK if you get a message like "Forbidden. You don't have permission to access /twiki/bin/ on this server."
    • Execute the testenv script from your browser ( http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/testenv ). It should show a table of all CGI environment variables.
  • Make sure PERL and the PERL CGI library is installed on your system. Default location of PERL executable is /usr/bin/perl . In case PERL is installed in a different location, the first line of all perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory need to be changed (alternatively you can create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/perl ).
  • To be able to edit the perl scripts and .tmpl files it is necessary to chown and chgrp -R twiki so all the files have the owner you want.
  • The scripts execute as nobody . Set the file permission of all Perl scripts in the twiki/bin directory as executable to -rw-r-xr-x .
  • Set the file permission of all files below twiki/data to 666 ( -rw-rw-rw- ).
  • Set the file permission of the twiki/data directory and all its subdirectories to 777 ( drwxrwxrwx ).
  • Set the file permission of the twiki/pub directory to 777 ( drwxrwxrwx ).
  • Edit the file twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm and set the variables at the beginning of the file to your needs.
  • Make sure RCS is installed. In case RCS is not in the path environment variable, add it to path . Alternatively, add the full path name to the rcs, ci, co, rlog, rcsdiff commands in the variables of twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm .
  • Point your browser at http://your.domain.com/twiki/bin/view and start wiki-ing away!
  • Note in case cgi user is not nobody : The *,v RCS repository files delivered with the installation package are locked by user nobody . In case the user is different (e.g. www-data ), it is not possible to check in files, this has the effect that the topic version number does not increase when saving a topic. In this case you need to unlock all repository files and lock them as user www-data (check the rcs man pages), or simply delete all the repository files.
  • Security issue: Directories twiki/data , twiki/templates and all its subdirectories should be set so that they are not visible as a URL. (Alternatively, move the directries to a place where they are not visible, and change the variables in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm accordingly)
  • Enable email notification of topic changes, (3) has more.
  • Add the PoweredByTWikiLogo if TWiki is installed on a public web server.

  • Optional: You can add new rendering rules or new %variables%. To insure an easy upgrade of TWiki it is recommended to do this customization in twiki/bin/wikicfg.pm , not twiki/bin/wiki.pm .

  • Optional: If you are on a public server and you would like to authenticate users:
    • Rename file .htaccess.txt in the twiki/bin directory to .htaccess and change it to your needs. For details consult the HTTP server documentation (for Apache server: [1], [2], [3]). Note: In case .htaccess does not have any effect you need to enable it: Add "AllowOverride All" to the Directory section of access.conf for your twiki/bin directory.
    • Copy the TWikiRegistrationPub? topic to TWikiRegistration. You can customize the topic if needed. Note: You can delete or add new input variables to the registration form. The name="" parameter of the input tags must start with: "Twk0..." (if this is an optional entry), or "Twk1..." (if this is a required entry). This will ensure that the fields are processed correctly.

  • Optional: You can automatically generate usage statistics for all webs. To enable this:
    • Make sure variable $doLogTopicView, $doLogTopicSave and $doLogTopicUpload in wikicfg.pm are set. This will generate log entries in file twiki/data/log<date>.txt .
    • Topic WebStatistics must be present in all webs where you want to have statistics. You can use the topic in the Main web as a template.
    • Call the twiki/bin/statistics script from a cron job, once a day is recommended. This will update the WebStatistics topics in all webs.
    • Attention: The script must run as the same user as the CGI scripts are running, which is user nobody on most systems. Example crontab entry:
      0 0 * * * (cd /path/to/TWiki/bin; ./statistics >/dev/null 2>&1)
    • There is a workaround in case you can't run the script as user nobody : Run the utility twiki/bin/geturl in your cron job and specify the URL of the twiki/bin/statistics script as a parameter. Example:
      0 0 * * * (cd /path/to/TWiki/bin; ./geturl mydomain.com /urlpath/to/TWiki/bin/statistics >/dev/null 2>&1)
    • The twiki/bin/statistics script can also be executed as a CGI script, just enter the URL in your browser. Examples:
      • Update current month for all webs:
        http://mydomain.com/twiki/bin/statistics
      • Update current month for Main web only:
        http://mydomain.com/twiki/bin/statistics/Main
      • Update January 2000 for Main web:
        http://mydomain.com/twiki/bin/statistics/Main?logdate=200001

  • To create a new web:
    • Use a name for the web consisting of characters A..Z , a..z but not in WikiNotation.
    • Create a new template directory under twiki/templates .
    • Create a new data directory under twiki/data and check the file permission of the directory.
    • Copy the files WebHome.txt , WebPreferences.txt , WebNotify.txt , WebSearch.txt and WebStatistics.txt from the twiki/data/Main directory to the new data directory, preserving the original files' owner, group and permissions ( on Unix use cp -p ). The data files must be writable by the owner the CGI scripts are running on ( usually nobody ). Hint: You can set permissions of .txt and .txt,v files to -rw-rw-rw- and then edit the topic using your browser, RCS will restore the file permission correctly when saving the topic.
    • Add the new web to the web list (on top of each topic) by editing the site-level preferences TWikiPreferences?:
      • Add the new web to the WIKIWEBLIST variable.
    • Add the new web to the web table (at the bottom of each WebHome topic) by editing the TWikiWebsTable? topic.
    • Change the web preferences by editing the WebPreferences topic of the new web:
      • Set the WEBBGCOLOR variable to a color of your taste. The number represents the unique color for the web (consult an HTML book for colors.)
      • Customize the WEBTOPICLIST variable to contain the web specific links you prefer.
      • Optional: Set the WEBCOPYRIGHT variable to have a web-specific copyright text (at the bottom of each topic).
    • If needed, create customized templates in the new templates directory. (Non existing templates are inherited from twiki/templates )
    • If you want to use a category table, copy the three files twikicatitems.tmpl , twikicatedit.tmpl and twikicatview.tmpl from the twiki/templates/Know directory to the new templates directory, and customize it. The TWiki Category Table section has more.
    • In case you want usage statistics for this web: Copy file WebStatistics.txt from the twiki/data/Main directory to the new data directory. Edit topic WebStatistics in the new web and delete old usage entries.

Here are contents of directories with file permissions. Please note that this is for debugging reasons only and does not exactly reflect the distribution:

directory twiki/bin :

drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 18 18:31 .
drwxr-xr-x   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:20 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki        770 Feb 10 12:10 .htaccess
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       3968 Feb 18 00:26 attach
-rwxr-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       3033 Feb 17 23:57 changes
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       1377 Feb  8 18:18 delete
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       8785 Feb 17 23:58 edit
-rwxr--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1811 Feb  4 14:31 geturl
-rwxr-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       5047 Feb  8 20:33 mailnotify
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       1825 Feb  8 18:29 oops
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       6932 Feb 11 02:06 preview
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       7804 Feb 17 23:59 rdiff
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       7010 Feb 18 00:03 register
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       2501 Jan 25 19:39 save
-rwxr-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       1778 Feb 18 00:04 search
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       9810 Feb  8 18:43 statistics
-rwxr-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki        509 Feb  7 18:55 testenv
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       6856 Feb 18 00:11 upload
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       4922 Feb 17 23:54 view
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       1606 May 21  1999 viewfile
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki      27794 Feb 26 06:03 wiki.pm
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki      10143 Feb 27 04:03 wikicfg.pm
-rw-r-xr-x   1 twiki   twiki       5440 Feb  7 04:36 wikisearch.pm

directory twiki/templates/ :

drwxr-xr-x   7 twiki   twiki       1024 Jan 16 19:39 .
drwxr-xr-x   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:20 ..
drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Jun  8  1999 Know
drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Dec  9  1998 Main
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       2286 Feb 24 21:50 attach.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1272 Feb  8 16:07 attachtable.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1884 Feb 24 21:54 changes.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       2242 Feb 24 21:33 edit.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        965 Feb  8 16:07 mailnotify.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki         30 Jan 14  1999 notedited.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        934 Feb  8 16:07 notext.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        899 Feb  8 16:07 notwiki.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        299 Feb 24 21:58 noweb.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        957 Feb 24 22:17 oops.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        871 Feb 24 22:17 oopsdel.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1330 Feb 24 22:17 oopslocked.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregexist.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        912 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregpasswd.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        923 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregrequ.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1125 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregthanks.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        942 Feb 24 22:17 oopsregwiki.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1564 Feb 24 22:17 oopsrev.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        906 Feb 24 22:17 oopsupload.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1535 Feb 24 22:02 preview.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1661 Feb 24 22:04 rdiff.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        263 Aug  3  1999 register.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        936 Feb  8 16:08 registernotify.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1779 Feb 24 22:06 search.tmpl
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1533 Feb 24 21:43 view.tmpl

directory twiki/templates/Main :

drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Dec  9  1998 .
drwxr-xr-x   7 twiki   twiki       1024 Jan 16 19:39 ..
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       2732 Feb 24 21:34 edit.tmpl

directory twiki/templates/Know (has a TWiki Category Table) :

drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Jun  8  1999 .
drwxr-xr-x   7 twiki   twiki       1024 Jan 16 19:39 ..
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki        446 Jun  8  1999 notedited.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki        206 Jun  8  1999 twikicatedit.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki       1060 Jul 16  1999 twikicatitems.tmpl
-rw-rw-r--   1 twiki   twiki        231 Jun  8  1999 twikicatview.tmpl

directory twiki/data/ :

drwxrwxrwx   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:17 .
drwxr-xr-x   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:20 ..
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2241 Feb 25 20:18 .htpasswd
drwxrwxrwx   2 twiki   twiki       3072 Feb 27 01:15 Know
drwxrwxrwx   2 twiki   twiki       9216 Feb 27 18:16 Main
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki   twiki          1 Feb 26 06:01 debug.txt
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   1263064 Jan 31 23:13 log200001.txt
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody   1063398 Feb 27 18:33 log200002.txt

part of directory twiki/data/Main :

drwxrwxrwx   2 twiki   twiki       9216 Feb 27 18:16 .
drwxrwxrwx   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:17 ..
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki   twiki       5722 Feb 27 18:13 .changes
-rw-rw-rw-   1 twiki   twiki          9 Feb 27 18:15 .mailnotify
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     26163 Feb 24 12:22 TWikiDocumentation.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     44133 Feb 24 12:22 TWikiDocumentation.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     11661 Feb 27 18:13 TWikiHistory.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     18877 Feb 27 18:13 TWikiHistory.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3029 Feb 26 04:46 TWikiPreferences.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3219 Feb 26 04:46 TWikiPreferences.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      7188 Feb 11 21:39 TWikiRegistration.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      7375 Feb 11 21:39 TWikiRegistration.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3180 Feb 25 20:19 TWikiUsers.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     16537 Feb 25 20:19 TWikiUsers.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2613 Feb  7 04:47 TWikiVariables.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3125 Feb  7 04:47 TWikiVariables.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2068 Feb 10 11:34 TWikiWeb.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      3610 Feb 10 11:34 TWikiWeb.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      1677 Feb 26 05:11 TWikiWebsTable.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      1866 Feb 26 05:11 TWikiWebsTable.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2294 Feb 27 17:54 WebHome.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      5282 Feb 27 17:54 WebHome.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody       586 Jan 17 01:05 WebNotify.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      1629 Jan 17 01:05 WebNotify.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      1834 Feb 25 14:13 WebPreferences.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      2023 Feb 25 14:13 WebPreferences.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      4407 Feb 11 21:08 WebSearch.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     10822 Feb 11 21:08 WebSearch.txt,v
-rw-r--r--   1 nobody  nobody      4416 Feb 27 00:00 WebStatistics.txt
-r--r--r--   1 nobody  nobody     27759 Feb 27 00:00 WebStatistics.txt,v

directory twiki/pub/ :

drwxrwxrwx  11 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb  8 18:10 .
drwxr-xr-x   8 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb 26 04:20 ..
drwxrwxrwx   4 nobody  nobody      1024 Aug 28  1999 Know
drwxrwxrwx  19 nobody  nobody      1024 Feb 27 09:56 Main
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       1078 Jan 14 20:24 favicon.ico
drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Mar 27  1999 icn
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       3016 Sep 10 04:27 twikilogo.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       5320 Sep 10 04:27 twikilogo1.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       6125 Sep 10 04:27 twikilogo2.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       7218 Sep 10 04:27 twikilogo3.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       6710 Sep 11 02:21 twikilogo4.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki       2877 Jun 15  1999 wikiHome.gif

directory twiki/pub/icn/ :

drwxr-xr-x   2 twiki   twiki       1024 Mar 27  1999 .
drwxrwxrwx  11 twiki   twiki       1024 Feb  8 18:10 ..
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        801 Mar 27  1999 _filetypes.txt
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        143 Mar 27  1999 bat.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        926 Mar 27  1999 bmp.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        141 Mar 27  1999 c.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        144 Mar 27  1999 dll.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        152 Mar 27  1999 doc.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        130 Mar 27  1999 else.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        876 Mar 27  1999 exe.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        147 Mar 27  1999 fon.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        142 Mar 27  1999 h.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        156 Mar 27  1999 hlp.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        186 Mar 27  1999 html.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        144 Mar 27  1999 java.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        148 Mar 27  1999 mov.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        150 Mar 27  1999 pdf.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        146 Mar 27  1999 pl.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        150 Mar 27  1999 ppt.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        148 Mar 27  1999 ps.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        148 Mar 27  1999 py.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        130 Mar 27  1999 ram.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        154 Mar 27  1999 reg.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        147 Mar 27  1999 sh.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        155 Mar 27  1999 sniff.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        149 Mar 27  1999 ttf.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        134 Mar 27  1999 txt.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        154 Mar 27  1999 wav.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        152 Mar 27  1999 wri.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        152 Mar 27  1999 xls.gif
-rw-r--r--   1 twiki   twiki        144 Mar 27  1999 zip.gif

-- PeterThoeny? - 21 Apr 2000


Topic TWikiInstallationGuide . { View | Diffs | r1.53 | > | r1.52 | > | r1.51 | More }
Revision r1.1 - 22 Apr 2000 - 00:42 GMT - PeterThoeny?
Revision r1.53 - 02 Feb 2003 - 01:29 GMT - PeterThoeny?
Copyright © 1999-2003 by the contributing authors. All material on this collaboration platform is the property of the contributing authors.
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