Nice TWiki > TWiki > TextFormattingFAQ (r1.1 vs. r1.14) TWiki webs:
Dev | Doc | Main | TWiki | Sandbox
TWiki . { Welcome | Register | Changes | Topics | Index | Search | Go }
 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.14 - 09 Jan 2003 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

Text Formatting FAQ

>
>

Text Formatting FAQ


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.13 - 28 Jun 2002 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

  • You enter: TWiki http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif logo.
    Result: TWiki wikiHome.gif logo.
>
>

  • You enter: TWiki http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/TWiki/TWikiLogos/twikilogo88x31.gif logo.
    Result: TWiki twikilogo88x31.gif logo.
Changed:
<
<

  • You enter: TWiki <img src="http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif" width="46" height="50" border="0" alt="logo" /> logo.
    Result:
    TWiki logo logo.
>
>

  • You enter: TWiki <img src="http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/TWiki/TWikiLogos/twikilogo88x31.gif" width="88" height="31" border="0" alt="logo" /> logo.
    Result:
    TWiki logo logo.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.12 - 22 Feb 2002 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

Sure. The quickest way is to go <font color="colorCode">colorize</font> - font is an HTML tag that works in any browser, although it's been phased out in the latest HTML specs.

>
>

TWikiPreferences defines some commonly used colors: %YELLOW%, %RED%, %PINK%, %PURPLE%, %TEAL%, %NAVY%, %BLUE%, %AQUA%, %LIME%, %GREEN%, %OLIVE%, %MAROON%, %BLACK%, %GRAY%, %SILVER% and %ENDCOLOR%.

Changed:
<
<

You can also use the up-to-date style attribute - ex: style="color:#ff0000" - placed in most HTML tags. span is an all-purpose choice: "<span style="color:#ff0000">CoLoR</span>. Only old (like 3.x IE & NS) browsers have a problem with style.

>
>

  • You enter: %RED% red text %ENDCOLOR% and %GREEN% green text %ENDCOLOR%

    Result: red text and green text

Changed:
<
<

"colorCode" is the hexadecimal RGB color code, which is simply Red, Green and Blue values in hex notation (base 16, 0-F). For pure red, the RGB components are 255-0-0 - full red (255), no green or blue. That's FF-0-0 in hex, or "#ff000=" for Web page purposes. For a basic color selection (you can StandardColor names instead of hex code in the =font tag only):

>
>

Note: %<color>% text must end with %ENDCOLOR% . If you want to switch from one color to another one you first need to end the active color with %ENDCOLOR%, e.g. write %RED% some text %ENDCOLOR% %GREEN% more text %ENDCOLOR%.

Changed:
<
<

Black: "#000000" Green: "#008000" Silver: "#c0c0c0" Lime: "#00ff00"
Gray: "#808080" Olive: "#808000" White: "#ffffff" Yellow: "#ffff00"
Maroon: "#800000" Navy: "#000080" Red: "#ff0000" Blue: "#0000ff"
Purple: "#800080" Teal: "#008080" Fuchsia: "#ff00ff" Aqua: "#00ffff"
>
>

If you need more colors you can use HTML, like <font color="#ff0000"> red text </font>. You can also use the up-to-date style attribute - ex: style="color:#ff0000" - placed in most HTML tags. span is an all-purpose choice: <span style="color:#ff0000">CoLoR</span>. Only old (like 3.x IE & NS) browsers have a problem with style.

Changed:
<
<

  • You enter: <font color="#ff0000"> Red color </font> draws attention.

    Result: Red color draws attention.

>
>

The code is the hexadecimal RGB color code, which is simply Red, Green and Blue values in hex notation (base 16, 0-F). For pure red, the RGB components are 255-0-0 - full red (255), no green or blue. That's FF-0-0 in hex, or "#ff000" for Web page purposes. StandardColors lists basic colors.

Changed:
<
<

-- PeterThoeny - 13 Sep 2001

>
>

-- PeterThoeny - 21 Feb 2002


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.11 - 22 Feb 2002 - PeterThoeny?)

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.10 - 15 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
Changed:
<
<

You can make a horizontal separator by entering three dashes at the beginning of a line: ---.

>
>

Create a separator - a horizontal rule - by entering three dashes at the beginning of a blank line: ---. You can enter more than three if you like, for a more visible separator in edit mode:
--------------

Changed:
<
<


>
>


Changed:
<
<

TWiki interprets text as HTML. The '<' and '>' characters are used to define HTML commands. Text contained in angle brackets is interpreted by the browser if it's a valid HTML instruction, or ignored if it isn't - either way, the brackets and its contents are not displayed.

>
>

TWiki interprets text as HTML, and the '<' and '>' characters define where HTML commands start and end. Text inside angle brackets is treated as HTML, and ignored if it doesn't actually do anything - either way, the brackets and its contents are not displayed.

Changed:
<
<

TWiki interprets text as HTML, so you can use the preformatted HTML text option to keep the new line of text as is. Enclose the text in <pre> </pre>, or in TWiki's own <verbatim> </verbatim> tags:

>
>

TWiki interprets text as HTML, so you can use the preformatted HTML option to keep the new line of text as is. Enclose the text in <pre> </pre>, or in TWiki's own <verbatim> </verbatim> tag:

Changed:
<
<

The pre tag is standard HTML; verbatim is a special TWiki tag that also forces text to fixed font mode, and also prevents other tags and TWiki shortcuts from being expanded.

>
>

The pre tag is standard HTML; verbatim is a special TWiki tag that forces text to fixed font mode, and also prevents other tags and TWiki shortcuts from being expanded.

Changed:
<
<

Can I include images and pictures?

>
>

Can I include images on a page?

Changed:
<
<

Yes, this is possible. The easiest way of including images is to attach a GIF, JPG or PNG file to a topic and then to include it with text %ATTACHURL%/myImage.gif . FileAttachment has more.

>
>

Yes. The easiest way is to attach a GIF, JPG or PNG file to a topic and then to place it with: %ATTACHURL%/myImage.gif. This works only for the page that the image is attached to.

Changed:
<
<

There are actually two ways of including inline images.

>
>

To place an image on any page, ther are two ways of including inline images.

Changed:
<
<

This is a simple and automatic way of including inline images. Simply write the URL of the image file, this will create the inline image for you. Note: The images must be accessible as a URL.

>
>

This is a simple and automatic way of including inline images. Simply write the URL of the image file, this will create the inline image for you. NOTE: The images must be accessible as a URL.

Added:
>
>

You can upload images directly to your server with FTP access. You can also attach image files to a topic - you could even create a dedicated image topic, like ImageLibrary - and then link to the images directly:

  • Attach pic.gif to Someweb.SomeTopic
    Display with http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/Someweb/SomeTopic/pic.gif
Changed:
<
<

This is a manual process where you have more control over the rendering of the image. Use the <img> tag of HTML to include GIF, JPG and PNG files. Note: The display of the topic is faster if you include the WIDTH and HEIGHT parameters that have the actual image size. http://www.htmlhelp.com/reference/wilbur/special/img.html has more on inline images.

>
>

This is a manual process where you have more control over the rendering of the image. Use the <img> tag of HTML to include GIF, JPG and PNG files. Note: The display of the topic is faster if you include the WIDTH and HEIGHT parameters that have the actual image size. http://www.htmlhelp.com/reference/wilbur/special/img.html has more on inline images.

Changed:
<
<

  • You enter: TWiki <img src="http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif" width="46" height="50" /> logo.
    Result:
    TWiki logo.
>
>

  • You enter: TWiki <img src="http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif" width="46" height="50" border="0" alt="logo" /> logo.
    Result:
    TWiki logo logo.
Changed:
<
<

Sure. The quickest way is to use the <font color="colorCode"> and </font> tags - they're HTML tags that work in any browser, (although they've been phased in the latest version).

>
>

Sure. The quickest way is to go <font color="colorCode">colorize</font> - font is an HTML tag that works in any browser, although it's been phased out in the latest HTML specs.

Changed:
<
<

You can also use a style attribute: style="color:#ff0000", placed in most HTML tags - span is an all-purpose choice: "<span style="color:#ff0000">.

>
>

You can also use the up-to-date style attribute - ex: style="color:#ff0000" - placed in most HTML tags. span is an all-purpose choice: "<span style="color:#ff0000">CoLoR</span>. Only old (like 3.x IE & NS) browsers have a problem with style.


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.9 - 14 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
Changed:
<
<

  • The most frequently asked questions about text formatting are answered here.
>
>

The most frequently asked questions about text formatting are answered. Also, TextFormattingRules contains the complete TWiki shorthand system on one quick reference page.

Changed:
<
<

You can make a horizontal separator by writing three or more dashes at the beginning of a line.

>
>

You can make a horizontal separator by entering three dashes at the beginning of a line: ---.

Changed:
<
<

    • &lt; = <
    • &gt; = >
    • Enter: (a &gt; 0) to get (a > 0)
>
>

  • &lt; = <
    &gt; = >

  • You enter: (a &gt; 0)

    Result: (a > 0)

Changed:
<
<

Some words (like WinAPI?) have an unwanted question mark at the end. How can I prevent that?

>
>

Some words appear highlighted, with a "?" link at the end. How can I prevent that?

Changed:
<
<

A question mark after a word is a link to a topic that doesn't yet exist - click it to create the new page. This is a TWiki feature - typing a MeaningfulTitle? in a comment is an invitation for someone else to add to the topic.

>
>

A question mark after a word is a link to a topic that doesn't yet exist - click it to create the new page. This is a TWiki feature - typing a MeaningfulTitle? in a comment is an invitation for someone else to add a new branch to the topic.

Changed:
<
<

To prevent auto-linking - you may simply want to enter a word like JavaScript (the proper spelling!) - prefix it with the special TWiki HTML tag <nop>:

>
>

To prevent auto-linking - say you want to enter a word like JavaScript (the proper spelling!) - prefix the WikiStyleWord? with the special TWiki HTML tag <nop>:

Changed:
<
<

  • <nop>WikiWord displays as WikiWord
>
>

  • <nop>WikiStyleWord displays as WikiStyleWord
Changed:
<
<

Enclose text in "=" equal signs:

  • Proportional text, =fixed font text=, proportional again. appears as...
    Proportional text, fixed font text , proportional again.
>
>

The quickest way is to enclose the text in equal signs:

Changed:
<
<

Alternatively you could also use preformatted text, see next question for details.

>
>

  • You enter: Proportional text, =fixed font=, proportional again.

    Result: Proportional text, fixed font, proportional again.

Changed:
<
<

TWiki interprets text as HTML. It is possible to use preformatted text to workaround this. Use the preformatted HTML tags to keep the new line of text as it is. Do so by enclosing text in either <pre> </pre> or <verbatim> </verbatim> tags:

>
>

TWiki interprets text as HTML, so you can use the preformatted HTML text option to keep the new line of text as is. Enclose the text in <pre> </pre>, or in TWiki's own <verbatim> </verbatim> tags:

Changed:
<
<

1. Use Wiki rule with "|" vertical bars

>
>

1. Use Wiki rule with "|" vertical bars

Changed:
<
<

2. Use HTML tables with <table>, <tr>, <td> tags

>
>

2. Use HTML tables with <table>, <tr>, <td> tags

Changed:
<
<

This is a manual process using HTML commands. Here is an example. If you enter this:

>
>

This is a manual process using HTML commands.

You enter:

Changed:
<
<

It is displayed as a table like this:

>
>

Result:

Changed:
<
<

3. Use preformatted text with <verbatim> tags

>
>

3. Use preformatted text with <verbatim> tags

Changed:
<
<

Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is? See "Text enclosed..."

>
>

See "Text enclosed..."

Changed:
<
<

1. Using URL ending in .gif, .jpg, .jpeg, .png

>
>

1. Using URL ending in .gif, .jpg, .jpeg, .png

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    TWiki http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki wikiHome.gif logo.
>
>

  • You enter: TWiki http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif logo.
    Result: TWiki wikiHome.gif logo.
Changed:
<
<

2. Using <img> tag

>
>

2. Using <img> tag

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    TWiki <img src="http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif" width="46" height="50" /> logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki logo.
>
>

  • You enter: TWiki <img src="http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif" width="46" height="50" /> logo.
    Result:
    TWiki logo.
Changed:
<
<

Place text you would like to specify a color inside <font color="colorCode"> and </font> tags.

>
>

Sure. The quickest way is to use the <font color="colorCode"> and </font> tags - they're HTML tags that work in any browser, (although they've been phased in the latest version).

You can also use a style attribute: style="color:#ff0000", placed in most HTML tags - span is an all-purpose choice: "<span style="color:#ff0000">.

Changed:
<
<

"colorCode" is the hexadecimal RGB color code. The color is composed by specifying the red, green and blue components of the color in hexadecimal notation. For example, to specify white, the red, green and blue components are 255, 255, 255, so you would use ="#ffffff=". You can use StandardColors or common color codes:

>
>

"colorCode" is the hexadecimal RGB color code, which is simply Red, Green and Blue values in hex notation (base 16, 0-F). For pure red, the RGB components are 255-0-0 - full red (255), no green or blue. That's FF-0-0 in hex, or "#ff000=" for Web page purposes. For a basic color selection (you can StandardColor names instead of hex code in the =font tag only):

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    <font color="#ff0000"> Red color </font> draws attention.
  • Example output:
    Red color draws attention.
>
>

  • You enter: <font color="#ff0000"> Red color </font> draws attention.

    Result: Red color draws attention.

Changed:
<
<

-- MikeMannix? - 10 Sep 2001
-- PeterThoeny? - 13 Sep 2001

>
>

-- PeterThoeny - 13 Sep 2001
-- MikeMannix - 14 Sep 2001


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.8 - 13 Sep 2001 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

You can create six sizes of headings - <H1>...<H6> in HTML - by typing, from the beginning of a line, three dashes (-), from one to six plus signs (+), a space, and your heading text. The FAQ questions on this page are created with: ---+++ Have a question?.

>
>

You can create six sizes of headings - <h1>...<h6> in HTML - by typing, from the beginning of a line, three dashes (-), from one to six plus signs (+), a space, and your heading text. The FAQ questions on this page are created with: ---+++ Have a question?.

Changed:
<
<


Proportional text, fixed font text , proportional again.

>
>


Proportional text, fixed font text , proportional again.

Changed:
<
<

TWiki interprets text as HTML. It is possible to use preformatted text to workaround this. Use the preformatted HTML tags to keep the new line of text as it is. Do so by enclosing text in either <pre> </pre> or <verbatim> <verbatim> tags:

>
>

TWiki interprets text as HTML. It is possible to use preformatted text to workaround this. Use the preformatted HTML tags to keep the new line of text as it is. Do so by enclosing text in either <pre> </pre> or <verbatim> </verbatim> tags:

Changed:
<
<

<pre>

>
>

<verbatim>

Changed:
<
<

</pre>

>
>

</verbatim>

Changed:
<
<

  1. Use preformatted text with <PRE> tags.
>
>

  1. Use preformatted text with <verbatim> tags.
Changed:
<
<

1. Use Wiki rule with "|" vertical bars

>
>

1. Use Wiki rule with "|" vertical bars

Changed:
<
<

2. Use HTML tables with <TABLE>, <TR>, <TD> tags

>
>

2. Use HTML tables with <table>, <tr>, <td> tags

Changed:
<
<

<TABLE BORDER=1> <TR> <TH> Head A </TH> <TH> Head B </TH> </TR><TR> <TD> Cell A2 </TD> <TD> Cell B2 </TD> </TR><TR> <TD> Cell A3 </TD> <TD> Cell B3 </TD> </TR> </TABLE>

>
>

<table border="1"> <tr> <th> Head A </th> <th> Head B </th> </tr><tr> <td> Cell A2 </td> <td> Cell B2 </td> </tr><tr> <td> Cell A3 </td> <td> Cell B3 </td> </tr> </table>

Changed:
<
<

Head A Head B
Cell A2 Cell B2
Cell A3 Cell B3
>
>

Head A Head B
Cell A2 Cell B2
Cell A3 Cell B3
Changed:
<
<

3. Use preformatted text with <PRE> tags

>
>

3. Use preformatted text with <verbatim> tags

Changed:
<
<

Yes, this is possible. The easiest way of including images is to attach a GIF or JPG file to a topic and then to include it with text %ATTACHURL%/myImage.gif . FileAttachment has more.

>
>

Yes, this is possible. The easiest way of including images is to attach a GIF, JPG or PNG file to a topic and then to include it with text %ATTACHURL%/myImage.gif . FileAttachment has more.

Changed:
<
<

1. Using URL ending in .gif, .jpg, .jpeg

>
>

1. Using URL ending in .gif, .jpg, .jpeg, .png

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    TWiki http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki wikiHome.gif logo.
>
>

  • Example text:
    TWiki http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki wikiHome.gif logo.
Changed:
<
<

2. Using <IMG> tag

>
>

2. Using <img> tag

Changed:
<
<

This is a manual process where you have more control over the rendering of the image. Use the <IMG> tag of HTML to include JPEG and GIF files. Note: The display of the topic is faster if you include the WIDTH and HEIGHT parameters that have the actual image size. http://www.htmlhelp.com/reference/wilbur/special/img.html has more on inline images.

>
>

This is a manual process where you have more control over the rendering of the image. Use the <img> tag of HTML to include GIF, JPG and PNG files. Note: The display of the topic is faster if you include the WIDTH and HEIGHT parameters that have the actual image size. http://www.htmlhelp.com/reference/wilbur/special/img.html has more on inline images.

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    TWiki <IMG SRC="http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif" WIDTH=46 HEIGHT=50> logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki logo.
>
>

  • Example text:
    TWiki <img src="http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif" width="46" height="50" /> logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki logo.
Changed:
<
<

Place text you would like to specify a color inside <FONT COLOR="colorCode"> and </FONT> tags.

>
>

Place text you would like to specify a color inside <font color="colorCode"> and </font> tags.

Changed:
<
<

hexadecimal notation. For example, to specify white, the red, green and blue components are 255, 255, 255, so you would use "#FFFFFF". You can use StandardColors or common color codes:

>
>

hexadecimal notation. For example, to specify white, the red, green and blue components are 255, 255, 255, so you would use ="#ffffff=". You can use StandardColors or common color codes:

Changed:
<
<

Black: "#000000" Green: "#008000" Silver: "#C0C0C0" Lime: "#00FF00"
Gray: "#808080" Olive: "#808000" White: "#FFFFFF" Yellow: "#FFFF00"
Maroon: "#800000" Navy: "#000080" Red: "#FF0000" Blue: "#0000FF"
Purple: "#800080" Teal: "#008080" Fuchsia: "#FF00FF" Aqua: "#00FFFF"
>
>

Black: "#000000" Green: "#008000" Silver: "#c0c0c0" Lime: "#00ff00"
Gray: "#808080" Olive: "#808000" White: "#ffffff" Yellow: "#ffff00"
Maroon: "#800000" Navy: "#000080" Red: "#ff0000" Blue: "#0000ff"
Purple: ="#800080"= Teal: "#008080" Fuchsia: "#ff00ff" Aqua: "#00ffff"
Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    <FONT COLOR="#FF0000"> Red color </FONT> draws attention.
  • Example output:
    Red color draws attention.
>
>

  • Example text:
    <font color="#ff0000"> Red color </font> draws attention.
  • Example output:
    Red color draws attention.
Added:
>
>

-- PeterThoeny? - 13 Sep 2001


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.7 - 10 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
Changed:
<
<


>
>


Changed:
<
<

You can make a horizontal separator by writing 4 or more dashes at the beginning of a line.


How do I create a title or a heading?

The most simple way is to enclose it in '*' Asterisk characters or '_' Underscore characters.

>
>

You can make a horizontal separator by writing three or more dashes at the beginning of a line.

Changed:
<
<

This is an example header enclosed in Asterisk characters

>
>


How do I create a heading?

Changed:
<
<

This is an example header enclosed in Underscore characters

You could use also HTML tags for headings, e.g. <H4>This is an HTML heading</H4> will show up as:

This is an HTML heading

>
>

You can create six sizes of headings - <H1>...<H6> in HTML - by typing, from the beginning of a line, three dashes (-), from one to six plus signs (+), a space, and your heading text. The FAQ questions on this page are created with: ---+++ Have a question?.

  • You can insert a nested table of contents, generated from headings, by placing %TOC% wherever you like on a page (see TWikiVariables for more %TOC% options).
Changed:
<
<

TWiki interprets text as HTML. The '<' and '>' characters are used to define HTML commands. Any valid text within angle brackets gets interpreted by the browser as an HTML command. Invalid text is ignored, that's why it doesn't show up.

There are two work arounds if you want to display angle brackets:

>
>

TWiki interprets text as HTML. The '<' and '>' characters are used to define HTML commands. Text contained in angle brackets is interpreted by the browser if it's a valid HTML instruction, or ignored if it isn't - either way, the brackets and its contents are not displayed.

Changed:
<
<

  • Do an escape sequence in HTML:
    • Write &lt; instead of <
    • Write &gt; instead of >
    • Example: Write (a &gt; 0) instead of (a > 0)
  • Replace angle brackets with curly brackets.
    • Example: Write {is-writable} instead of <is-writable>
>
>

If you want to display angle brackets, enter them as HTML codes instead of typing them in directly:

    • &lt; = <
    • &gt; = >
    • Enter: (a &gt; 0) to get (a > 0)
Changed:
<
<


>
>


Changed:
<
<

A question mark after a word is a link to a not yet existing topic. For example, WinAPI? is a valid WikiName, but the actual topic WinAPI does not exist.

>
>

A question mark after a word is a link to a topic that doesn't yet exist - click it to create the new page. This is a TWiki feature - typing a MeaningfulTitle? in a comment is an invitation for someone else to add to the topic.

Changed:
<
<

If you do not intend to create a topic for a valid WikiWord, you can prevent it being linked by putting an HTML tag in front of it. I usually use <nop>. This is a non existing HTML tag, so a browser just ignores it.

>
>

To prevent auto-linking - you may simply want to enter a word like JavaScript (the proper spelling!) - prefix it with the special TWiki HTML tag <nop>:

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    WinAPI as it is, <nop>WinAPI with preceding NOP.
  • Example output:
    WinAPI? as it is, WinAPI with preceding NOP.
>
>

  • <nop>WikiWord displays as WikiWord
Changed:
<
<


>
>


Changed:
<
<

Enclose text in "=" equal signs.

>
>

Enclose text in "=" equal signs:

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    Proportional text, =fixed font text= , proportional again.
  • Example output:
    Proportional text, fixed font text , proportional again.
>
>

  • Proportional text, =fixed font text=, proportional again. appears as...
    Proportional text, fixed font text , proportional again.
Changed:
<
<


>
>


Changed:
<
<

TWiki interprets text as HTML. It is possible to use preformatted text to work around this. Use the preformatted HTML tags to keep the new line of text as it is. Do so by enclosing the text with <PRE> and </PRE> tags, e.g.

>
>

TWiki interprets text as HTML. It is possible to use preformatted text to workaround this. Use the preformatted HTML tags to keep the new line of text as it is. Do so by enclosing text in either <pre> </pre> or <verbatim> <verbatim> tags:

Changed:
<
<

<PRE>

>
>

<pre>

Changed:
<
<

</PRE>

>
>

</pre>

Changed:
<
<

It is recommended to use preformatting for tables and source code.

>
>

The pre tag is standard HTML; verbatim is a special TWiki tag that also forces text to fixed font mode, and also prevents other tags and TWiki shortcuts from being expanded.

Changed:
<
<


>
>


Changed:
<
<

  1. Use HTML tables with <TABLE>, <TR>, <TD> tags.
>
>

  1. Use HTML tables with <table>, <tr>, <td> tags.
Deleted:
<
<

You can copy the example from <TABLE> to </TABLE> and change it to your needs.

More information about HTML tables can be found at http://www.htmlhelp.com/reference/wilbur/table/table.html

Changed:
<
<


>
>


Changed:
<
<

-- PeterThoeny? - 18 Aug 2000

>
>

-- MikeMannix? - 10 Sep 2001


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.6 - 07 Sep 2001 - MikeMannix?)
Changed:
<
<

Text Formatting FAQ

>
>

Text Formatting FAQ

Changed:
<
<

This topic has answers to frequently asked questions about text formatting. TextFormattingRules has more on formatting rules in general. It also has links to HTML documentation.

>
>

  • The most frequently asked questions about text formatting are answered here.
Changed:
<
<

  • Q: How do I make a separator?
  • Q: How do I create a title or a heading?
  • Q: Text enclosed in angle brackets like <filename> is not displayed. How can I show it as it is?
  • Q: Some words (like WinAPI?) have an unwanted question mark at the end. How can I prevent that?
  • Q: How can I write fixed font text?
  • Q: Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is?
  • Q: How do I create tables?
  • Q: Can I include images and pictures?
  • Q: Can I write colored text?
>
>

TOC: No TOC in "TWiki.TextFormattingFAQ"

Added:
>
>

Changed:
<
<

Q: How do I make a separator?

>
>

How do I make a separator?

Changed:
<
<

Q: How do I create a title or a heading?

>
>

How do I create a title or a heading?

Changed:
<
<

The most simple way is to enclose it in '*' Asterisk characters or '_' Underscore charcters.

>
>

The most simple way is to enclose it in '*' Asterisk characters or '_' Underscore characters.

Changed:
<
<

Q: Text enclosed in angle brackets like <filename> is not displayed. How can I show it as it is?

>
>

Text enclosed in angle brackets like <filename> is not displayed. How can I show it as it is?

Changed:
<
<

Q: Some words (like WinAPI?) have an unwanted question mark at the end. How can I prevent that?

>
>

Some words (like WinAPI?) have an unwanted question mark at the end. How can I prevent that?

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    WinAPI as it is, <nop>WinAPI with preceeding NOP.
  • Example output:
    WinAPI? as it is, WinAPI with preceeding NOP.
>
>

  • Example text:
    WinAPI as it is, <nop>WinAPI with preceding NOP.
  • Example output:
    WinAPI? as it is, WinAPI with preceding NOP.
Changed:
<
<

Q: How can I write fixed font text?

>
>

How can I write fixed font text?

Changed:
<
<

Q: Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is?

>
>

Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is?

Changed:
<
<

Q: How do I create tables?

>
>

How do I create tables?

Changed:
<
<

See Q: Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is?

>
>

Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is? See "Text enclosed..."

Changed:
<
<

Q: Can I include images and pictures?

>
>

Can I include images and pictures?

Changed:
<
<

Q: Can I write colored text?

>
>

Can I write colored text?

Added:
>
>


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.5 - 10 Nov 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

hexadecimal notation. For example, to specify white, the red, green and blue components are 255, 255, 255, so you would use "#FFFFFF". Common color codes are:

>
>

hexadecimal notation. For example, to specify white, the red, green and blue components are 255, 255, 255, so you would use "#FFFFFF". You can use StandardColors or common color codes:


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.4 - 18 Aug 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

A question mark after a word is a link to a not yet existing topic. For example, WinAPI? is a valid WikiTopic name in WikiNotation, but the actual topic WinAPI does not exist.

>
>

A question mark after a word is a link to a not yet existing topic. For example, WinAPI? is a valid WikiName, but the actual topic WinAPI does not exist.

Changed:
<
<

If you do not intend to create a topic for a valid TWiki topic name, you can prevent it being linked by putting an HTML tag in front of it. I usually use <NOP>. This is a non existing HTML tag, so a browser just ignores it.

>
>

If you do not intend to create a topic for a valid WikiWord, you can prevent it being linked by putting an HTML tag in front of it. I usually use <nop>. This is a non existing HTML tag, so a browser just ignores it.

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    WinAPI as it is, <NOP>WinAPI with preceeding NOP.
  • Example output:
    WinAPI? as it is, WinAPI with preceeding NOP.
>
>

  • Example text:
    WinAPI as it is, <nop>WinAPI with preceeding NOP.
  • Example output:
    WinAPI? as it is, WinAPI with preceeding NOP.
Changed:
<
<

-- PeterThoeny? - 08 Aug 1999

>
>

-- PeterThoeny? - 18 Aug 2000


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.3 - 09 Feb 2000 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    TWiki <IMG SRC="../../../pub/wikiHome.gif" WIDTH=46 HEIGHT=50> logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki logo.
>
>

  • Example text:
    TWiki <IMG SRC="http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif" WIDTH=46 HEIGHT=50> logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki logo.

 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.2 - 09 Aug 1999 - PeterThoeny?)
Changed:
<
<

Enclose text in <CODE> and </CODE> HTML tags.

>
>

Enclose text in "=" equal signs.

Changed:
<
<

  • Example text:
    Proportional text, <CODE> fixed font text, </CODE> proportional again.
  • Example output:
    Proportional text, fixed font text, proportional again.
>
>

  • Example text:
    Proportional text, =fixed font text= , proportional again.
  • Example output:
    Proportional text, fixed font text , proportional again.
Changed:
<
<

There are two possibilities:

  1. Use preformatted text with <PRE> tags.
>
>

There are three possibilities:

  1. Use Wiki rule with "|" vertical bars.
Added:
>
>

  1. Use preformatted text with <PRE> tags.
Changed:
<
<

1. Use preformatted text with <PRE> tags

>
>

1. Use Wiki rule with "|" vertical bars

Changed:
<
<

See Q: Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is?

>
>

  • Example text:
    | cell A1 | cell B1 | cell C1 |
    | cell A2 | cell B2 | cell C2 |
  • Example output:
    cell A1 cell B1 cell C1
    cell A2 cell B2 cell C2
Added:
>
>

3. Use preformatted text with <PRE> tags

See Q: Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is?

Changed:
<
<

-- PeterThoeny? - 26 Oct 1998

>
>

-- PeterThoeny? - 08 Aug 1999


 <<O>>  Difference Topic TextFormattingFAQ (r1.1 - 13 Jun 1999 - Main.thoeny)
Added:
>
>

Text Formatting FAQ

This topic has answers to frequently asked questions about text formatting. TextFormattingRules has more on formatting rules in general. It also has links to HTML documentation.

  • Q: How do I make a separator?
  • Q: How do I create a title or a heading?
  • Q: Text enclosed in angle brackets like <filename> is not displayed. How can I show it as it is?
  • Q: Some words (like WinAPI?) have an unwanted question mark at the end. How can I prevent that?
  • Q: How can I write fixed font text?
  • Q: Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is?
  • Q: How do I create tables?
  • Q: Can I include images and pictures?
  • Q: Can I write colored text?


Q: How do I make a separator?

You can make a horizontal separator by writing 4 or more dashes at the beginning of a line.


Q: How do I create a title or a heading?

The most simple way is to enclose it in '*' Asterisk characters or '_' Underscore charcters.

This is an example header enclosed in Asterisk characters

This is an example header enclosed in Underscore characters

You could use also HTML tags for headings, e.g. <H4>This is an HTML heading</H4> will show up as:

This is an HTML heading


Q: Text enclosed in angle brackets like <filename> is not displayed. How can I show it as it is?

TWiki interprets text as HTML. The '<' and '>' characters are used to define HTML commands. Any valid text within angle brackets gets interpreted by the browser as an HTML command. Invalid text is ignored, that's why it doesn't show up.

There are two work arounds if you want to display angle brackets:

  • Do an escape sequence in HTML:
    • Write &lt; instead of <
    • Write &gt; instead of >
    • Example: Write (a &gt; 0) instead of (a > 0)
  • Replace angle brackets with curly brackets.
    • Example: Write {is-writable} instead of <is-writable>


Q: Some words (like WinAPI?) have an unwanted question mark at the end. How can I prevent that?

A question mark after a word is a link to a not yet existing topic. For example, WinAPI? is a valid WikiTopic name in WikiNotation, but the actual topic WinAPI does not exist.

If you do not intend to create a topic for a valid TWiki topic name, you can prevent it being linked by putting an HTML tag in front of it. I usually use <NOP>. This is a non existing HTML tag, so a browser just ignores it.

  • Example text:
    WinAPI as it is, <NOP>WinAPI with preceeding NOP.
  • Example output:
    WinAPI? as it is, WinAPI with preceeding NOP.


Q: How can I write fixed font text?

Enclose text in <CODE> and </CODE> HTML tags.

  • Example text:
    Proportional text, <CODE> fixed font text, </CODE> proportional again.
  • Example output:
    Proportional text, fixed font text, proportional again.

Alternatively you could also use preformatted text, see next question for details.


Q: Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is?

TWiki interprets text as HTML. It is possible to use preformatted text to work around this. Use the preformatted HTML tags to keep the new line of text as it is. Do so by enclosing the text with <PRE> and </PRE> tags, e.g.

This text will keep its format as it is:
<PRE>
  Unit     Price   Qty  Cost
  -------  ------  ---  ------
  aaa       12.00    3   36.00
</PRE>

It is recommended to use preformatting for tables and source code.


Q: How do I create tables?

There are two possibilities:

  1. Use preformatted text with <PRE> tags.
  2. Use HTML tables with <TABLE>, <TR>, <TD> tags.

1. Use preformatted text with <PRE> tags

See Q: Text I enter gets wrapped around. How can I keep the formatting as it is?

2. Use HTML tables with <TABLE>, <TR>, <TD> tags

This is a manual process using HTML commands. Here is an example. If you enter this:

<TABLE BORDER=1>
  <TR>
    <TH> Head A  </TH> <TH> Head B  </TH>
  </TR><TR>
    <TD> Cell A2 </TD> <TD> Cell B2 </TD>
  </TR><TR>
    <TD> Cell A3 </TD> <TD> Cell B3 </TD>
  </TR>
</TABLE>

It is displayed as a table like this:

Head A Head B
Cell A2 Cell B2
Cell A3 Cell B3

You can copy the example from <TABLE> to </TABLE> and change it to your needs.

More information about HTML tables can be found at http://www.htmlhelp.com/reference/wilbur/table/table.html


Q: Can I include images and pictures?

Yes, this is possible. The easiest way of including images is to attach a GIF or JPG file to a topic and then to include it with text %ATTACHURL%/myImage.gif . FileAttachment has more.

There are actually two ways of including inline images.

1. Using URL ending in .gif, .jpg, .jpeg

This is a simple and automatic way of including inline images. Simply write the URL of the image file, this will create the inline image for you. Note: The images must be accessible as a URL.

  • Example text:
    TWiki http://nice.sourceforge.net/twiki/pub/wikiHome.gif logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki wikiHome.gif logo.

2. Using <IMG> tag

This is a manual process where you have more control over the rendering of the image. Use the <IMG> tag of HTML to include JPEG and GIF files. Note: The display of the topic is faster if you include the WIDTH and HEIGHT parameters that have the actual image size. http://www.htmlhelp.com/reference/wilbur/special/img.html has more on inline images.

  • Example text:
    TWiki <IMG SRC="../../../pub/wikiHome.gif" WIDTH=46 HEIGHT=50> logo.
  • Example output:
    TWiki logo.


Q: Can I write colored text?

Place text you would like to specify a color inside <FONT COLOR="colorCode"> and </FONT> tags.

"colorCode" is the hexadecimal RGB color code. The color is composed by specifying the red, green and blue components of the color in hexadecimal notation. For example, to specify white, the red, green and blue components are 255, 255, 255, so you would use "#FFFFFF". Common color codes are:

Black: "#000000" Green: "#008000" Silver: "#C0C0C0" Lime: "#00FF00"
Gray: "#808080" Olive: "#808000" White: "#FFFFFF" Yellow: "#FFFF00"
Maroon: "#800000" Navy: "#000080" Red: "#FF0000" Blue: "#0000FF"
Purple: "#800080" Teal: "#008080" Fuchsia: "#FF00FF" Aqua: "#00FFFF"

  • Example text:
    <FONT COLOR="#FF0000"> Red color </FONT> draws attention.
  • Example output:
    Red color draws attention.


-- PeterThoeny? - 26 Oct 1998


Topic TextFormattingFAQ . { View | Diffs | r1.14 | > | r1.13 | > | r1.12 | More }
Revision r1.1 - 13 Jun 1999 - 07:43 GMT - Main.thoeny
Revision r1.14 - 09 Jan 2003 - 04:59 GMT - PeterThoeny?
Copyright © 1999-2003 by the contributing authors. All material on this collaboration platform is the property of the contributing authors.
Ideas, requests, problems regarding TWiki? Send feedback.