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How to build a native compiled program that depends on gnu-crypto,swt(,poi) and/or nice with a crossed environment?

You need to keep several issues in mind if you want to do so, even more, if you want to do so with an crossed environment.

Licence issue

Quite a few libraries you depend on, are licenced under the LGPL. Up to a few weeks, I just thought, that a normal LGPL would allow me to use such an library and link against it. That is true, but only for dynamic linking. With a normal LPGL you are not allowed to link your program statically. Some copyright holders still allow you to do so, but you need to read the LICENCEs carefully.

So I assume, that we now use dynamic libraries and we are going to build some.

Different versions

Well, nearly all libraries have interfaces, that change from time to time. So, you cannot plug together two libraries, that interfaces doesn't match.

If you've got quite a few libraries you need to find the best match for all. For me that was to use gcj in version 3.3.1 (mingw-special-version for the crossed version), nice in its latest development version, poi in version 2.0pre3 and swt in version 2.1.1.

Crossed environment

For me windows is the target platform, because many of our customers use that OS, but I'm a linux user, so I wanted to use an cross-compiler. That was not as easy as I first thought, because in the main-trunk of the fsf-gcc sources some patches are not allowed to be applied due to some licence issues. Without some of these patches it is not possible to get Exception Handling working over exe/dll boundaries. So, if only compiling to static binaries, you would be fine with the latest gcc sources, but to get dynamic libraries working properly, you will need the mingw special version (as I used mingw32 as target and windows host emulation; for cygwin something similar might hold). To get proper libraries at all, you will also need a recent binutils package that must be also a special version in a crossed environment (at the moment the linker produces quite huge dll's, but this is only a bug and will be removed in a future version; besides that it works).

Obtain all the sources

You need quite a few sources; which depend on how many of the options you want to build. Let's start with the basic requirement: gcj (as part of the gcc)

What Home Download
binutils-2.14.90 (mingw edition)
gcc-3.3.1 (mingw local patches)
mingw runtime (binary)
mingw Windows-API (binary)
now some optional packages
SWT-2.2.1 (choose 'SWT Binary and Source' for target platform; so it might be:
Jakarta POI-2.0pre3
and NICE

Compile basics

Just to something like follows (pseudo script):

# where are the sources
# where should be everything installed
# target platform
# where to build
# end of configuration section
mkdir -p $BUILD_ROOT
tar xzf $TAR_FILE_DIR/mingw-runtime-3.1.tar.gz
tar xzf $TAR_FILE_DIR/w32api-2.4.tar.gz
Ok, now start building binutils
mkdir binutils-build
tar xzf $TAR_FILE_DIR/binutils-2.14.90-20030807-1-src.tar.gz
cd binutils-build
../binutils-2.14.90-20030807-1/configure --prefix=$DESTINATION --target=$TARGET
make && make install
Now start building gcc (please adjust the configure options as needed, e.g. I only need C,C++ and Java as languages, you might need other too).
# be sure, that new binutils are in path
mkdir gcc-build
tar xjf $TAR_FILE_DIR/gcc-3.3.1.tar.bz2
cd gcc-3.3.1
gzip -d $TAR_FILE_DIR/gcc-3.3.1-20030804-1-src.diff.gz
patch -p1 < $TAR_FILE_DIR/gcc-3.3.1-20030804-1-src.diff
cd ../gcc-build
../gcc-3.3.1/configure --target=mingw32 --prefix=/site.opt/mingw32-cross --without-newlib --enable-shared --enable-libgcj --enable-threads=win32 --enable-languages=c,c++,java --disable-nls --disable-debug --with-gcc --with-gnu-as --with-gnu-ld --without-newlib --disable-win32-registry --enable-libgcj --disable-java-awt --without-x --enable-java-gc=boehm --disable-libgcj-debug --enable-interpreter --enable-hash-synchronization --enable-sjlj-exceptions
make && make install
Ok, now you should have got compiled and installed the most basic requirements in a crossed environment. We will need a shared libgcj.dll and after that we are ready to compile the other libraries.
cd mingw32/libjava
find . -name "*.o" | uniq > objectlist
# now have a sharp look at the objectlist and remove entries that might be the same file,
# but at a different location, e.g. .../.libs/<foo> and .../<foo> is such an candidate.
mingw32-gcj -shared `cat objectlist` -o libgcj.dll -Wl,--out-implib,libgcj.dll.a -Wl,--export-all-symbols -Wl,--enable-runtime-pseudo-reloc -Wl,--allow-multiple-definition
cp libgcj.dll* $DESTINATION/mingw32/lib
Actually I not exactly know, how to work with the generated import lib correctly, but to be sure, that the old static libgcj.a is not used, I rename it to libgcj.b and now you would have to use the importlib, but I will have to ask some other, on how to use that importlib correctly. We will use the dll itself, so it should not matter for the moment.
mv $DESTINATION/mingw32/lib/libgcj.a $DESTINATION/mingw32/lib/libgcj.b
So, we have created a dynamic libgcj.dll. :)

Now you are ready with the most needed things to create shared dll's and shared executables.

Compile first HelloWorld

Take the following file src/test/main.nice

package test;
void main(String[] args) {
  System.out.println("Hello, World");
and let it compile
nicec --sourcepath src --destination targets test -a test.jar
That will create a test.jar that is an executable jar archive. This file you can now compile to a native executable through gcj
mingw32-gcj --shared -o libhello.dll test.jar -Wl,--out-implib,libhello.dll.a -Wl,--enable-runtime-pseudo-reloc
mingw32-gcj -o hello.exe -L. -lhello -lgcj -Wl,--enable-runtime-pseudo-reloc
Quite easy, isn't it.

Compile runtime nice classes as dll

As we have seen in the last example, the runtime nice classes are included in the hello.dll. That is not usefull and it is even not permitted for LGPL libraries, to included such libraries to your libraries without making your libraries also an LGPL library.

So, we should create a seperate nice.dll as follows. Take the test.jar from the last example and do as follows:

jar xf test.jar
jar cf nice.jar gnu nice
mingw32-gcj --shared -o libnice.dll nice.jar -Wl,--out-implib,libnice.dll.a -Wl,--enable-runtime-pseudo-reloc
Then you can create the executable hello.exe also as follows:
mingw32-gcj --classpath=nice.jar -o hello.exe test/*.class -L. -lnice -lgcj

Compile gnu-crypto as dll

Follow the gnu-crypto INSTALL document and make a gcj-friendly gnu-crypto package. Then simply take the created jars javax-crypto.jar and gnu-crypto.jar and create two dll's:

mingw32-gcj --shared -o libjavax-crypto.dll javax-crypto.jar -Wl,--out-implib,libjavax-crypto.dll.a -Wl,--enable-runtime-pseudo-reloc
mingw32-gcj --shared --classpath=javax-crypto.jar -o libgnu-crypto.dll gnu-crypto.jar -Wl,--out-implib,libgnu-crypto.dll.a -Wl,--enable-runtime-pseudo-reloc

Compile POI-hssf as dll

Well, actually I didn't want the hole POI package but only the hssf part (that needs no other libraries). So you can simply go to the poi src and compile all dependent classes for the hssf package as follows:

cd poi-2.0-pre3/src/java
mkdir ../targets
javac -d ../targets org/apache/poi/hssf/usermodel/
Now we should have all classes needed for the HSSF part of POI in the targets directory. We could now jar all these classes up and then again create a dll from it, but now we use the old style:
cd ../targets
CLASSES=`find . -name "*.class"`
for i in $CLASSES ; do \
mingw32-gcj -c -o `echo $i | sed -e 's/\.class/\.o/'` $i --classpath . \
mingw32-gcj --shared -o libpoi-hssf.dll `find org -name "*.o"` -lgcj -Wl,--out-implib,libpoi-hssf.dll.a -Wl,--enable-runtime-pseudo-reloc

Compile SWT as dll

Well, that might be a bit tricky on the first view, but it is also quite easy:

cd .../swt-windows-src
mingw32-gcj -c --resource=org/eclipse/swt/internal/ -o SWTMessages.o org/eclipse/swt/internal/
echo <<"EOF" >
package org.eclipse.swt.internal.image;
public class SWTImageLoaders
        GIFFileFormat x = new GIFFileFormat();
        PNGFileFormat y = new PNGFileFormat();
        JPEGFileFormat z = new JPEGFileFormat();
        WinBMPFileFormat q = new WinBMPFileFormat();
        WinICOFileFormat p = new WinICOFileFormat();
mingw32-gcj -c -o SWTImageLoaders.o
mingw32-gcj -fjni --shared -o libswt.dll `find . -name "*.o"` -lgcj -Wl,--out-implib,libswt.dll.a -Wl,--enable-runtime-pseudo-reloc -lswt-win32-2135 -L.


I hope, that this howto is a good starting point to get you started with the most common libraries (that I needed for some of my applications) and gcj in a crossed environment. It should now be easy for you to compile other libraries with the same strategies. Don't upset on some hickups, just have a sharp look at the error messages and you most commonly will find a way out. Have fun with your cross compiler toolchain, Christian

-- ChristianS - 04 Oct 2003

Just to mention it, if using a native environment (so no cross at all), compiling native binaries is just as easy as invoking nicec itself (iff the gcj binary can be found in PATH).

-- ChristianS - 21 Oct 2003 装潢 成人高考 高考 法律 个人简历 求职 小游戏 英语 在线游戏 自学考试 房产 花卉 环保 黄山 减肥 建筑 健康 外汇 学校 医疗器械 医院 在线翻译 招生 专利 太阳能 摄影 牛皮癣 旅游线路 大屏幕 留学 小说 房地产 美女写真 彩票 漫画 考研 免费软件 人体 驾校 美容 喷泉 货架 网站建设 域名 动漫 装修 癌症 集团电话 装饰 视频会议 投影机 地图 许晴 论文 论坛 国庆节 联众 教育 非典 保险 个人域名 培训 咨询 软件 非典型肺炎 英国留学 肝病 写字楼 足球 建材 注册公司 火车时刻表 五笔 外挂999 奇迹外挂 文学 传奇外挂 歌曲 江苏教育 军事 列车时刻表 美体 在线购物 上海热线 笑话 明星写真 汤加丽 人体艺术 浩方 音乐红茶馆 便宜外挂 言情小说 火车票 中国游 墙纸 武侠小说 传奇 传奇世界 玉观音 向导 传奇私服 联众世界 诗歌 究成 边锋 天气 视讯会议 钻石 营养 足彩 空运 硬件 联盟 光端机 电动阀 杀毒 回流焊 帕萨特 吸塑 病毒 掌上电脑 课程 订酒店 移动硬盘 皇历 占卜 净化 测距仪 传媒 传奇3 免费 节能节电 国际机票 红斑狼疮 屏保 同盟 卷板机 财经 高考试题 乳腺病 短信联盟 办公设备 书库 切换器 剪报 招商 电子元器件 耐克 终端 短信同盟 运输 测量机 平衡机 数码冲印 上海大众 校校通 阀门 电脑硬件 美食 贷款 黑客帝国2 企业 晶闸管 足球鞋 网上聊天 网上冲印 二手市场 硬盘录像 市场调查 免费网站 电子书 中级会计师 钎焊 菜谱 台式机 鲜花速递 电视墙 深圳生活 blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog blog

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